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Chapter 9 vocab

QuestionAnswer
imperialism Poltical, military, and economic domination of strong nations over weaker territories.
extractive economy Economy in a colony where the colonizing country removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benifit its own economy.
Social Darwinism The belief held by some in the late nineteenth century that certain nations and races were superior to others and therefore destined to rule over them.
Yellow Press Newspapers that used sensational headlines and exaggerated stories in order to promote readership.
jingoism Aggressive nationalism.
Rough Riders A group of men, consisting of rigged westerners and upper class easterners who fought during the Spanish-American war
Treaty of Paris An agreement signed by the U.S. and Spain in 1898, whiich officailly ended in the Spanish-American war.
insurrection Rebellion
guerrila warfare A form of non-traditional warfare generally involving hit-and-run attacks by small bands of fighters.
sphere of influence A region dominated and controlled by outside power.
Boxer Rebellion Violence started by memebers of a secert society in China, which promoted the governments of Europe and America to send troops to squash the rebellion.
Open Door Policy American statement that the governement did not want colonies in China, but favored free trade there.
Russo-Japanese War A war between Japan and Russia in 1904 over the presence of Russian troops in Manchuria.
"Gentlemens Agreement" A pact between the U.S and Japan to end segregation of Asian children in San Francisco public schools. In return, Japan to limit the immigration of its citizens to the U.S.
Great White Fleet Battleships sent by Roosevelt in 1907 on a "good will cruise" around the world.
Foraker Act A law establishing a civil government in Puerto Rico.
Platt Amendment A set of conditions under which Cuba was granted independence in 1902, including restrictions on rights of Cubans and granting to the U.S. the "right to intervene" to preserve order in Cuba
"big stick" diplomacy Theodore Roosevelt's policy of creating and using, when necessary, a strong military to achieve America's goals.
Panama Canal A human-made waterway linking the Atlantic to the pacific across the Isthmus of Panama
Roosevelt Corollary President Theofore Roosevelt's reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep the Western Hemisphere free from intervention by European powers.
"dollar diplomacy" President Taft's policy of expanding American investments abroad.
"moral diplomacy" Woodrow Wilson's statement that the U.S would not use force to assert influence in the world, but would instead work to promote human rights.
Created by: Peterj17