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WGU Presidency

Chapter 6

QuestionAnswer
The presidency refers to the few but fundamental rules, established by Article II of the Constitution
Article II of the Constitution establish the eligibility qualifications, term length and limitations, and the circumstances and procedures for replacing the president
According to Article II the president must be a natural-born
length of the president and vice president limited to four years
to become president they must resided in the United States for at least 14 years
According to Article II the president must citizen of at least 35 years of age
Amendment 22 Constitution was subsequently amended to limit the number of terms to which a president could be elected
25th Amendment establishes that the vice president shall become president
During impeachment trials in the Senate, the chief justice of the Supreme Court presides
Presidents cannot be convicted without the agreement of two-thirds of the voting senators
expressed powers specifically granted to him by the Constitution
implied powers Some are not expressly stated in the Constitution, but have been interpreted by presidents as necessary to faithfully execute the laws and to protect and defend the Constitution
to the president by Congress in order to implement legislation delegated powers
Among the president's expressed, implied, and delegated responsibilities are executive, legislative, judicial, diplomatic, and military powers
Executive: Execute laws Expressed
Executive:Organize federal bureaucracy Implied
Executive:Recommend department budgets Expressed
Executive:Appoint department heads Delegated
Executive:Issue executive orders Implied
Executive:Exercise executive privilege Implied
Judicial:Appoint justices to Supreme Court Expressed
Judicial:Appoint judges to federal courts Expressed
Judicial:Grant pardons and reprieves Expressed
Legislative:Veto legislation Expressed
Legislative:Deliver State of the Union address Expressed
Legislative:Make policy recommendations Expressed
Legislative:Convene and adjourn Congress Expressed
Diplomatic:Appoint ambassadors Expressed
Diplomatic:Receive ambassadors Expressed
Diplomatic:Enter into treaties with foreign nations Expressed
Diplomatic:Enter into executive agreements Implied
Diplomatic:Serve as head of state Implied
Military: Serve as commander in chief Expressed
Public Opinion Leader: Represent the public will none
Public Opinion Leadaer: Shape the national agenda none
Political Party Leader:Implement party priorities none
Political Party Leader:Shape the party agenda none
Political Party Leader:Symbolic head of the party none
Which of the following is a check on the president's power to appoint department heads? Senate confirmation
The president's right to appoint the heads of federal departments (with the advice and consent of the Senate) is one of his most powerful tools of administration
Executive orders are declarations issued by a president that relate to the organization of the federal bureaucracy, the execution of federal legislation, and the enforcement of federal court decisions
President Ronald Reagan's management style resembled which of the following? CEO
Which of the following would represent an accurate statement regarding executive orders? Executive orders are derived from the presidential oath of office and the executive power clause
Executive privilege was invoked in which of the following cases? Watergate scandal
The president derives the veto power from Article I of the Constitution
Article II, section 2 of the Constitution requires the president to report to Congress "from time to time" on "the state of the union."
Article II of the Constitution also specifies a role for the vice president in the legislative process. Besides replacing the president if necessary, the vice president acts as the president of the Senate
president's role in judicial politics may not be as obvious his ability to nominate justices to the courts and to grant pardons, reprieves, and amnesties gives him a check over judicial power
Article II, section 2 establishes the president's power to nominate justices to the Supreme Court and other federal courts created by Congress
Which of the following represents a presidential check on judicial power? Granting amnesty to a group of people
The Constitution gives the president the ability to enter into treaties with foreign nations, but he must obtain the consent of two-thirds of voting senators
Which of the following could be considered a substitute for a treaty ratified by the Senate? executive agreement
Under what circumstances might the president use the power to receive foreign dignitaries and appoint U.S. ambassadors? to recognize the legitimacy of other nations
When was the last time Congress declared war on another nation? World War II in 1941
Why did Congress pass the War Powers Resolution? assert congressional authority over military engagement
Under Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution, Congress is responsible for the following: Making federal laws
When was the War Powers Resolution enacted? on November 7, 1973
What is the intent of the Consultation section of the War Powers Resolution? ensure that the president consults Congress regularly about pending or ongoing military engagements
How must the president report to Congress under the Reporting provision of the War Powers Resolution? in writing
How many executive departments existed during the time that George Washington served as president? 3
How large is the federal civilian workforce in the executive branch? over 2.6 million employees
Which of the following was a primary focus of government policies and programs between the 1780s and 1930s? Commerce between states and nations
Which of the following occurred during the Great Depression and its aftermath? the executive branch created a number of new bureaucratic offices
The relationship between a president and his party may be described as which of the following? symbiotic
Presidents depend on their party in which of the following capacities? mobilizing voters
Which of the following would represent an instance of the president "going public"? circumventing Congress to petition the people directly
In which of the following areas is presidential power limited? declaring war
Which of the following would be considered a check on presidential power? Senate approval of a Supreme Court nomination, statutory authorization of the use of force, congressional override of a veto, and congressional confirmation of an ambassador
On which of the following did Congress override the president's veto? the War Powers Resolution
According to Richard Neustadt, a president's performance is directly related to which of the following? power to persuade
Created by: amora2