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Colonial Life I

QuestionAnswer
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought. Mercantilism
Laws that governed trade between England and its colonies. Colonists were required to ship certain products exclusively to England. These acts made colonists very angry because they were forbidden from trading with other countries. Navigation Acts
A reference to the political events of 1688-1689, when James II abdicated his throne and was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, Prince William of Orange. Glorious Revolution
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. This document introduced the idea of a limited monarchy. English Bill of Rights
Idea that the colonies benefited by being left alone, without too much British interference. Salutary Neglect
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Aferica sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa. Triangular Trade
The journey of slaves from Africa to the Americas, so called because it was the middle portion of the triangular trade route. Middle Passage
African American abolitionist; he was an enslaved African who was eventually freed, became a leader of the abolitionist movement, and wrote The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano. Olaudah Equiano
Farm crop raised to be sold for money. Cash Crop
A philosophical movement in eighteenth-century Europe that fostered the belief that one could reform society by discovering rational laws that governed social behavior. Enlightenment
The notion that society is based on an agreement between government and the governed in which people agree to give up some rights in exchange for the protection of others. Social Contract
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established. Great Awakening
Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in 1763. Historical Significance: Established England as number one world power. French and Indian War
Plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes. The plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown. Albany Plan of Union
Agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent contry. Treaty of Paris
An alliance of five (later six) North American Native American tribes formed in the 1500's for defense and self-governance. Iroquois League
Created by: CoachSweitzer