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Tech Ed test basic

basic tech ed testing material for flight

QuestionAnswer
What does gyroscopic mean? pertaining to fast rotation of an object on a vertical axis
What are the three gyroscopic instruments in the "six-pack" of the plane? attitude indicator, heading indicator, turn coordinator
What are the three pitot-static instruments? air speed indicator, altimeter, vertical speed indicator
What does an altimeter measure? altitude above sea level
What is the movement of fluids? from areas of high pressure to low pressure
How does the shape of the plane's wings help it achieve lift? the flat bottom of the airfoil creates high pressure underneath the airfoil and low pressure above, making it move up
What is Bernoulli's Effect? if you increase the speed of a fluid, its pressure will decrease.
What is an upside-down airfoil called? a spoiler
What is a water airfoil called? hydrofoil
What are the four forces of flight? lift, gravity (weight), thrust, and drag
What is Newton's first law of motion? an object in motion will stay in motion in a straight line at a constant speed, and an object at rest will stay at rest.
What is newton's second law? F=ma
What is Newton's third law? Every action has an equal and opposite reaction
What are the three axes of flight? yaw, pitch, roll
Which way is yaw? left to righ
Which way is pitch? up and down
Which way is roll? around
Around which axis does yaw occur? vertical axis
Around which axis does pitch occur? lateral (wing) axis
Around which axis does roll occur? longitudinal (fuselage) axis
What part of a plane controls yaw? the rudder (located along the vertical stabilizer)
What part of a plane controls pitch? the elevator (located along the horizontal stabilizer)
What part of a plane controls roll? the ailerons (located on the outer edge of the wing)
What are the primary types of clouds? cirrus, cumulus, stratus
What are characteristics of a cirrus cloud? wispy, ice crystals, "mare's tail", sign of weather change for the worse in 24-48 hours
What are the characteristics of a cumulus cloud? fluffy, white, sign of fair weather
What are the characteristics of a stratus cloud? overcast, gray, low, possibly fog if it gets too low
What does nimbo/nimbus mean? precipitation: hail, sleet, rain, snow
What are the clouds pilots have to watch out for? fog, cumulonimbus, nimbostratus
What is a cumulonimbus cloud and what happens with it? thunderstorm cloud, lightning, hail, torrential rain, tornadoes, high winds, microburst (down draft)
What does IFR stand for? instrument flight rules
What does VFR stand for? visual flight rules
What are the rules of a VFR pilot? see 3 miles in an given direction minimum; if clouds, you either have to stay 1) 500 feet below, 2) 1000 feet above, or 3) around by a horizontal distance of 2000 feet
What is a METAR? gives weather reports at a specific airport, usually every hour
What is a TAF? terminal area forecast. it's like a METAR but judges ahead.
Where can I get my METAR? aviationweather.gov
What is the METAR symbol for Lawrenceville Brisco Field? klzu
What is the METAR symbol for Hartsfield-Jackson airport? katl
What is the METAR symbol for Peachtree? kpdk
What is a dangerous landing? cross-wind landing
How do I go from Greenwich time to our time zone? minus 500 (from the hundreds spot, of course)
In a METAR, what does RA stand for? rain
BKN? broken clouds
SKC? clear skies
SCK scattered
What are the three ways a plane can stall? too much pitch (full stall), not enough air movement over the wings (slow stall), when the wings can't achieve lift (ex: when ice forms)
See your charts for details.
Created by: Tsarmina