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AGov 3

How does the president check the powers of Congress and the Courts? *Appoint Supreme Court Justices *Appoint other federal judges *veto legislation *May call special sessions of Congress
How does Congress check the power of the President and the Courts? *Impeach federal judges and/or the President *Create lower courts *Override President's veto *Approve appointments of judges *Approve treaties
How do the courts check the power of the President and Congress? *May declare executive acts unconstitutional *May declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
Expressed Powers (Enumerated Powers) Powers that are delegated to the National Govern. in so many words written in the Constitution
Examples or Expressed Powers Lay and collect taxes-coin money-regulate foreign & interstate trade-Raise and maintain armed forces-Declare war-Grant patents & copyrights
Supreme law of the land The Constitution
Preamble Introduction to Constitution
Articles Seven sections of Constitution dealing with Legislative, Judicial, Executive branches, Supremacy, Amendments, Ratification
How many Articles comprise the Constitution? Seven
Popular Sovereignty All political power is held by the people
Limited government No government is all powerful *Government may do only those things the people have given it power to do
Constitutionalism Government must be conducted according to Constitutional principles
Rule of Law Government and its officers are always subject to and never above the law
Separation of Powers In a presidential system powers are distributed among the three distinct and independent branches of government
President's job (Executive Branch) Enforce the laws
Judicial Branch's job Interpret and apply the law in cases brought to them
Legislative Branch's job (Congress) Make laws
Federalism Division of power among a central government and several regional governments
Unconstitutional Illegal
Judicial Review Power of courts to determine if what a government does is Constitutional
Marbury v. Madison Set Judicial Review
Which two Presidents have been impeached? Andrew Johnson 1868, Bill Clinton 1998
Who impeaches? (Brings Charges against?) House of Representatives
Congressional vote needed to override a President's veto 2/3 vote in each house
Veto Reject
Checks and balances Each branch of government can oversee/ check the operation of the other two branches of government
Amendment A provision for changing the written words of our Constitution
Number of formal amendment processes Four
Describe each process of formal amending the Constitution *Proposed 2/3 vote Congress,Ratified by 3/4 state legislatures *Proposed 2/3 vote Congress,ratified 3/4 States at convention *Proposed 2/3 vote Congressional convention, ratified 3/4 State legislatures *Proposed national convention, ratified n. convention
Of the 10,000 proposed amendments that have been proposed by Congress, how many have been sent on for ratification by States? Thirty three were passed on, 27 were ratified and became law
Dillion v. Gloss Decision-Congress can place a reasonable time limit on ratification process
How many formal changes have been made to the Constitution? Twenty Seven
What is the Bill of Rights? First ten Amendments to the Constitution
What does the Bill of Rights guarantee? Personal Freedoms
Five basic informal ways to change the Constitution Basic legislation-executive action-customs-political parties-Supreme Sourt decisions
Executive Agreement Pact made by Pres. with the head of a foreign state (No Senate approval required)
Treaty Formal agreement between to sovereign states (Senate approval required)
Electoral College Group that makes formal selection of the nation's President
Does the Constitution make any mention of political parties? NO
Cabinet Heads of the fifteen executive departments that advise the President (Custom)
Senatorial courtesy Senate approve only those pres. appointees who are acceptable to the Senate or Senators from the state involved (Custom)
Who tries an impeachment case? The Senate
Created by: sudokken