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Chapter 8 Test Info

Notes for Chapter 8 Test

alliance a formal agreement between groups or individuals
Articles of Confederation the first plan of government for the new United States of America
Proclamation of 1763 This stated that the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River was set aside for Native Americans.
General Thomas Gage Was put in charge of controlling Boston by King George III
Why did the British tax the colonists? They needed to pay for the costs of the French and Indian War.
The Ohio Valley stretches between what two landmarks? The Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River
What were the soldiers who fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill told by their leaders? Wait to fire until you see the whites of the British soldiers' eyes.
Where did the Battle of Bunker Hill actually take place? Breeds Hill
Describe the Townshend Acts. They were a tax on all British inports, including glass, paint, paper and tea.
Parliament The lawmaking branch of the British government
Describe the Sugar Act. A tax on sugar and molasses in the colonies.
In what city did both the First and Second Continental Congress meet? Philadelphia
What happened on July 4, 1776? The final draft of the Declaration of Independence was accepted by Congress.
Who was Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army? George Washington
What was the name of the pamphlet that Thomas Paine wrote that mentioned the need for America to become independent from Britain? Common Sense
boycott to refuse to buy
monopoly complete control over a good or service
What was the name of the peace treaty signed by the British and French after the French and Indian War? The Treaty of Paris
What was the name the colonists gave to the Coercive Acts? The Intolerable Acts
Describe the Stamp Act It was a tax on paper goods, such as newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards.
What were some of the disadvantages the British soldiers faced against early on in the French and Indian War? They wore bright red uniforms that were easily seen in the forests. They were used to fighting in open fields and refused to hide behind the trees in the wooded areas.
What saying did the colonists use to declare their unhappiness with the taxes they were being forced to pay? "No taxation without representation!"
delegates representatives
Imperial Policies laws and orders issued by the king
repeal to take back
independence freedom to govern yourself
Who were the leaders of the Sons of Liberty? John Hancock and Sam Adams
Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
What was the major cause for the French and Indian War? Both France and England were claiming the Ohio Valley.
Why were the battles of Lexington and Concord important? They are considered to be the first battles in the American Revolution.
revolution a sudden and complete change in government
treason working against your own government
What event took place on March 5, 1770 in which 5 Americna colonists were killed? The Boston Massacre
What did the Massachusetts militia call themselves? The Minutemen
congress a formal meeting of representatives
How many lanterns did Paul Revere have hung in the Old North Church the night the British soldiers marched to Lexington? two
What did the colonists do to protest the taxes that were placed on British imports? They boycotted the goods.
Created by: andreamalloy