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Am. His. Lesson 1

American History 30,000 B.C.-1801

DefinitionTerm
Gradual shift from hunting and gathering to cultivating basic food crops Agricultural Revolution
Exchange of plants, animals, culture, and disease between Europe and Native Americans Columbian Exchange
Cultural Awakening that began in Italy and spread throughout Europe Renaissance
16th century spanish adventurers who subdued the Native Americans and created the Spanish empire in the new world Conquistadores
Treaty negotiated by the pope to resolve competing land claims of Spain and Portugal in the New World Treaty of Tordesillas
Labor system that granted conquistadores local villages and control over native labor encomienda
a nobleman appointed to oversee the king's colonial interests viceroy
the supreme judicial body audiencia
16th century religious movement to reform and challenge the spiritual authority of the Roman Catholic Church Protestand Reformation
Replacement of James II by William and Mary, marking the beginning of constitutional monarchy in Britain Glorious Revolution
Business enterprise that enabled investors to pool money for commercial trading activity and funding for sustaining colonies Joint-stock company
Elective reresentative assembly in colonial Virginia House of Burgesses
System of land distribution through which settlers were granted a 50-acre plot of land headright
Individuals who contracted to serve a master for a set number of years in exchange for the cost of boat transport to America. Indentured servants
Agreement among the pilgrims aboard the Mayflower in 1620 to create a civil government Mayflower Compact
Member of a reformed Protestant sect that insisted on removing all Catholicism from religious practice Puritan
Religious belief that moral law was necessary and that a person doesn't need help from the clergy antinomianism
Members of a religious group that denied formal theology and emphasized each person's "Inner Light" Quakers
an economic theory that a nation needed to export more goods than imported mercantilism
Certain essential raw materials produced in the North American colonies enumerated goods
A series of trade restrictions to regulate colonial trade for England to gain wealth Navigation Acts
An armed rebellion in Virginia against the governor for a larger share of Indian trade. Bacon's Rebellion
The court allowed reports of dreams and visions to be introduced as testimony Spectral evidence
the edge of settlement extending from western Pennsylvania to Georgia back country
Movement that emphasized reason to solve social and scientific problems Enlightenment
Religious movement that split congregations and weakened the authority of churches Great Awakening
Traveling revivalist ministers of the Great Awakening movement. Itinerant preachers
Envisioned the formation of a Grand Council of elected delegates that would have powers to tax and provide for common defense. Albany Plan
French and Indian War (1756-163) Seven Years' War
Political faction that dominated Parliament Whigs
minor bureacrats who directed routine colonial affairs subministers
Principle that emphasized the power of Parliament to govern colonial affairs parliamentary sovereignty
Meeting of colonial delegates to protest the Stamp Act Stamp Act Congress
Violent confrontation between British troops and a Boston mob Boston Massacre
Vast communication network to communicate grievances and provide colonists evidence of British oppression committee of correspondance
Intolerable Acts, 4 pieces of legislation passed in response to the Boston Tea Party Coercive Acts
Meeting of delegates from twelve colonies First Continental Congress
Meeting that organized the Continental Army and commissioned George Washington to lead it Second Continental Congress
Revolutionary tract written by Thomas Paine in January 1776 Common Sense
special companies of Massachusetts milita prepared to respond instantly to military emergencies minutemen
Colonists that sided with the king and Parliament loyalists
Concept that ultimate political authority is vested in the citizens of the nation republicanism
Fundamental rights over which the government could exercise no control natural rights
United States first constitution Articles of Confederation
Legislation that had plans for America's northwestern territories and prohibited slavery north of the Ohio River Northwest Ordinance
Group of leaders who favored replacing the Articles of Confederation with a stronger national government nationalists
Armed insurrection of farmers in western Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays Shay's Rebellion
Proposal for new government with a strong executive office and two houses Virginia Plan
Called for a strong central government with one house of Congress New Jersey Plan
Supporters of the Constitution who advocated its ratification Federalists
Critics of the Constitution who expressed concern that it didnt possess protection of natural and civil rights Antifederalists
Series of essays that explained and defended the stronger national government The Federalists
First ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution Bill of Rights
persons who placed the protection of propery and civil order above the preservation of liberty psuedo aristocrats
National bank established in 1791 Bank of the United States
Social and political revolution in France that toppled the monarchy French Revolution
Controvosial treaty with Britain to settle American grievances and avert war Jay's Treaty
Protests by western Pennsylvania farmers resisting payment of a federal tax on whiskey Whiskey Rebellion
Speech by George Washington Farewell Address
Diplomatic incident in which American peace commisioners were insulted with bribe demands XYZ Affair
Four laws designed to suppress criticism of the federal government and to curb foreigner liberties Alien and Sedition Acts
Statements to mobolize opposition to the Alien and Sedition Acts that were argued as unconstitutional Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Created by: mateya4898