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History six week tests

A period of industrial growth in the late 1800's Second industrial revolution
a process that made steel making faster and more efficient Bessemer Process
He invented the lightbulb and started Edison electric, Many homes could not get electricity so he and his team of inventors created a power plant that provided electricity to a wider radius. Thomas Edison
The rights of a product or service belong to you with one of these Patents
Created the telephone Alexander Graham Bell
Introduced the model T and the first to implement the moving assembly line. Henry ford
Created the first plane The Wright Brothers
Businesses that sold stock Corporations
Succesful in the steel industry Andrew Carnagie
The owning of all businesses used in the process of the manufacturing. Vertical Integration
Head of a succesful oil company. John D. Rockefeller
Owning all of the businesses in a certain feild. Horizantal Integration
A legal arrangment grouping together multiple businesses under one board of directors trust
Sold equipment to miners, head of Central Pacific railroad, and founded a university Leland Stanford
"Survival of the Fittest" Social Darwinism
Total ownership of a product or service Monopoly
Law that made it illegal to create monopolies or trusts that restrained trade Sherman Antitrust Act
Published a book incouraging people to think of workers as changable parts of the manufacturing process Fredrick W. Taylor
The first national Labor Union Knights of Labor
An organization of workers, working to acheive better working conditions Labor Unions
Leader of Knights of Labor, and ended all secrecy Terence V. Powderly
Leader of the American Federation of Labor. Samuel Gompers
A labor union that organized individual unions and allowed only skilled workers in. American Federation of Labor
Workers acting collectively collective bargaining
An irish immagrant and fiery speaker, who helped educate the workers Marry Harris Jones
A protest of the killing of workers asking for an eight hour workday, a bomb was thrown in the crowd Haymarket Riot
A protest at Carnagies steel mill oposing a plan to replace workers with machines Homestead Strike
Workers stoped traffic on railroad line, the federal government had to make them go back to work Pullman Strike
Immigrants coming from Northern Europe Old immigrants
Immigrants coming from southern and Eastern Europe New immigrants
The area below the decks of a ship, tickets were cheep, conditions were horrible Steerage
An immigration center off the coast of New York Ellis island
An immigration center off the coast of California, dealt mostly with Chinese Angel island
Italian immigrant started the bank of Italy, later became Bank of America Amadeo Peter Giannini
Helped immigrants in cases such as sickness, unemployment, or death Benevolent societies
Poorly built and overcrowded buildings made for immigrants to live in Tenements
Places with poor working conditions and long work hours, where some immigrants worked. Sweatshops
Banned chinese people from immigrating for 10 years, the law was renewed several times Chinese Exclusion act
Public transportation for many people mass transit
Residential neighborhoods outside of the main town Suburbs
Cultural activities shared by many people mass culture
Added the color comic to his newspaper Joseph Pulitzer
Publisher of New York times added the color comic after Pulitzer William Randolph Hearst
Giant retail shops department stores
An amusement park featuring the very first roller coaster, Switchback Railway Coney Island
A landscape architect who became famous for designing Central Park and more Fredrick Law Olmsted
A journalist and photographer who wrote "How the other half lives" Jacob Riis
A book exposing the poor conditions that immigrants lived in. How The Other Half Lives
Centers where poor people could get education, recreation, and social activities settlement houses
Turned a run down old building into the Hull House Jane Addams
The most famous settlement house Hull House
A reformer who convinced lawmakers to take action Florence Kelley
A book that exposed the inequality of wealth in america. The Gilded Age
Powerful organizations that used many methods to get their candidates to win for office Political Machines
A political Machine who rewarded their supporters about 12,00 jobs Tammany Hall
Tammany Halls boss,stole up to 200 million dollars from the city William Marcy Tweed
Assassinated Pres. Garfield Charles Guiteau
Set up a system in which federal jobs could only be given by the persons ability to do the job, this helped control political machines. Pendleton Civil Service Act
People who wanted to help solve problems such as crime, poverty, and disease, they wanted reform. Progressives
People (primarily journalists) who exposed poor conditions and problems of society Muckrakers
Wrote articles exposing corruption in the city government. Lincoln Steffens
Wrote about unfair practices of standard oil company and the meat packing industry in "The Jungle" Ida B. Tarbel
Philosopher who focused on child education John dewey
Brought together medical organizations, and supported public health laws American Medical Association
Allowed Americans to vote directly for U.S senators 17th Amendment
Allowed voters to propose a new law by signing a petition Initiative
Allowed the people to approve or reject a law that had been proposed by a government body. Referendum
Wisconsin's Governor, exposed information about how politicians voted Robert M. La Follette
Congress passed federal law, making it illegal to ship items made with child labor from state to state child labor laws
A fire in a factory were no one could escape because of locked doors and small fire escapes, lead to the passage of factory safety standards Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
Guaranteed workers compensation when injured on the job. Worker's compensation laws
Stopped workers being payed to little for their work minimum wage laws
Joseph Lochner challenged a law limiting bakers to a 10 hour workday saying that the state could not restrict an agreement made by an employer and his employee Lochner VS New York
The court upheld laws restricting women's work hours saying it is a matter of public health Muller VS Oregon
a system where the government owns and operates the countries means of production socialism
Lead the IWW William Haywood
A union that allowed women, immigrants, and blacks that fought to overthrow capitalism, declined by 1920 Industrial Workers of the World
Fought for the restriction of temperance Women's Christian Temperance Union
A temperance supporter who was famous for destroying bottles and breaking things at saloons. Carry Nation
Banned the sale, production, and transportation of alcohol 18th Amendment
the right to vote suffrage
founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan b. Anthony to promote women's suffrage National Woman Suffrage Association
Granted the women the right to vote 19th Amendment
Believed Blacks should improve their education and economic well being, to be accepted and treated equal Booker T. Washington
journalist who wrote articles about lynching and had to move north due to death threats Ida B. Wells
Received a degree from Harvard, thought that blacks should protest to gain equality W.E.B DuBois
An organization founded by DuBois that fought for equality for Blacks National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
made the grandfather clause illegal Guinn v. United States
A society made by indians to help their equality Society of American indians
An act passed after Ida B. Tarbel's The Jungle that made it so that food must show its ingredients and expiration date. Pure food and Drug act
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