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Chapter 8 Vocab

1 Progressivism Movement that responded to the pressures of industrialization and urbanization by promoting reforms. AustinH16
2 Muckraker Writer who uncovers and exposes misconduct in politics or business. austino11
3 Social Gospel Reform movement that emerged in the late nineteenth century that sought to improve society by applying Christian principles.
4 Settlement House Community center organized at the turn of the twentieth century to provide social services to the urban and poor.
5 Direct Primary Election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections.
6 Initiative Process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on the ballot.
7 Referendum Process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by a legislature.
8 Recall Process by which voters can remove elected officials from office before their terms end.
9 National Consumers League (NCL) Group organized in 1899 to investigate the conditions under which goods were made and sold and to promote safe working conditions and a minimum wage.
10 Temperance Movement Movement aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and the problem created by it.
11 Suffrage The right to vote.
12 National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) Group founded in 1890 that worked on both the state and national levels to earn women the right to vote.
13 Nineteenth Amendment Constitutional amendment that gave women the right to vote.
14 Americanization Belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens.
15 Niagara Movement Group of African American thinkers founded in 1905 that pushed for immediate racial reforms, particularly in education and voting practices.
16 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans.
17 Urban League Network of churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help African Americans get settled and find work in the cities.
18 Anti-Defamation League Organization formed in 1913 to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statements.
19 Mutualistas Organized groups of Mexican Americans that make loans and provide legal assistance to other members of their community.
20 Square Deal President Theodore Roosevelt's program of reforms to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor.
21 Hepburn Act 1902 law that gave the government the authority to set railroad rates and maximum prices for ferries, bridge tolls, and oil pipelines.
22 Meat Inspection Act 1906 law that allowed the federal government to inspect meat sold across state lines and required federal inspection of meat processing plants.
23 Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 law that allowed federal inspection of food and medicine and banned the interstate shipment and sale of impure food and the mislabeling of food and drugs.
24 National Reclamation Act 1902 law that gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed through the building and management of dams and irrigation projects.
25 New Nationalism President Theodore Roosevelt's plan to restore the government's trustbusting power.
26 Progressive Party Political party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Republican Party in 1912.
27 New Freedom Woodrow Wilson's program to place government controls on corporations in order to benefit small business.
28 Sixteenth Amendment 1913 Constitutional amendment that gave Congress the authority to levy an income tax.
29 Federal Reserve Act 1913 law that placed national banks under the control of a Federal Reserve Board, which runs regional banks that hold the reserve funds from commercial banks, set interests rates, and supervises commercial banks.
30 Federal Trade Commission Government agency established in 1914 to identify monopolistic business practices, false advertising, and dishonest labeling.
31 Clayton Antitrust Act 1914 law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Created by: AustinH16