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Foy Ch. 15 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
The idea that political authority belongs to the people. popular sovereignty
An 1846 proposal to outlaw slavery in the territory added to the United States by the Mexican Cession; passed in the House of Representatives but was defeated in the Senate. Wilmot Proviso
A devotion to the interests of one geographic region over the interests of the country as a whole. sectionalism
A political party formed in 1848 by anti-slavery northerners who left the Whig and Democrat parties because neither addressed the slavery issue. Free Soil Party
Henry Clay's proposed agreement that allowed California to enter the Union as a free state and divided the rest of the Mexican Cession into two territories where slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty. Compromise of 1850
An 1850 law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders. Fugitive Slave Act
An 1852 antislavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe that showed northerners the violent reality of slavery and drew many people to the abolitionists' cause. Uncle Tom's Cabin
An 1854 law that allowed voters in Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether to allow slavery. Kansas Nebraska Act
An 1856 incident in which abolitionist John Brown and seven other men murdered pro-slavery Kansans. Pottowatomie Massacre
A political party formed in the 1850's to stop the spread of slavery in the West. Republican Party
A series of debates between Republican Abraham Lincoln and Democrat Stephen Douglas during the 1858 U.S. Senate Campaign in Illinois. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
An 1858 statement made by Stephen Douglas during the Lincoln-Douglas debates that pointed out how people could use popular sovereignty to determine if their state or territory should permit slavery. Freeport Doctrine
An 1859 incident in which abolitionist John Brown and 21 other men captured a federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in hope of starting a slave rebellion. John Brown's Raid
A political party formed in 1860 by a group of northerners and southerners who supported the Union, its laws, and Constitution. Constitutional Union Party
The act of formally withdrawing from the Union. secession
The nation formed by the southern states when they seceded from the Union; also known as the Confederacy. Confederate States of America
Created by: lfoy8290