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AP Gov

Institution Ongoing organization that performs certain functions
Social Conflict Disagreements among people in a society over what the societies priorities should be
Politics The process of resolving conflicts over how society should use its scarce resources and who should receive various benefits
Government Individuals and institutions that make societies rules and that also possess the power and authority to enforce those rules
Power The ability to influence the behavior of others, usually through the use of force, persuasion or rewards.
Authority The ability to legitimately exercise power
Public Services Essential services that individuals cannot provide for themselves.
Autocracy A form of government in which the power and authority are in the hands of a single person
Monarchy A form of autocracy in which a king, queen, emperor, empress, tsar, or tsarina is the highest authority in the government. Obtained power through inheritance.
Divine right theory God chose the monarch
Dictatorship Absolute power is exercised by a single person who usually has obtained his or her power through force
Democracy People have ultimate political authority
Direct Democracy Political decisions are made by the people themselves rather than by elected representatives
Representative democracy Will of majority is expressed through smaller groups of individuals elected by the people to act as their representatives
Republic A representative democracy to which there is no king or queen and the people are sovereign
Limited government Powers of government should be limited through a written document or through wide public understanding characterized by institutional checks to ensure that government serves public rather than private interest
Parliament The name of the national legislative body in countries government by a parliamentary system, such as Britain and Canada
Bicameral legislation A legislature made up of two chambers or parts. The United States has a bicameral legislature composed of House of Representatives and the Senate.
Social contract A voluntary agreement among individuals to create a government and give that government adequate power to secure mutual protection and the welfare of all individuals
Natural rights Rights that are not bestowed by governments bu are inherent within every man, woman, and child by virtue of the fact that he or she is a human being
Political culture The set of ideas, values, and attitudes about government and the political process held by a community or a nation
Liberty The freedom of individuals to believe, act, and express themselves as they choose so long as doing does not infringe on the rights of others
Equality Equal protection under the law for all people
Capitalism Economic system based on the private ownership of wealth-producing property, free markets, and freedom of contract. The privately owned corporation is the preeminent capitalist institution
Ideaology System of political ideas that are rooted in religious or philosophical beliefs concerning human nature, society and government
Liberalism Set of political beliefs that include the advocacy of active government, including government intervention to improve the welfare of individuals and to protect civil rights
Conservatism Set of beliefs that include the limited role of government in helping individuals and in the economic affairs of the nation, support for traditional values and lifestyles, and a cautious response to change
Progressivism An alternative, more popular term for the set of political beliefs known as liberalism
Moderate A person whose views fall in the middle of the political spectrum
Radical left Persons on the extreme left side of the political spectrum, who would like major changes in political order, usually to promote human equality
Radical right Persons on the extreme right which include: reactionaries and libertarians
Ideologue Individuals holding strong political opinions
Created by: Denzel808