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fertile crescent vocab

scribe a profesional writer
covenant a binding agreement
Dead Sea a salt lake between Israel and Jordan; the Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth
ziggurat a temple of the ancient sumerians and babylonians
Zagros mountains a line of mountains near mesopotamia
phoenicia an ancient region in present day lebanon
King David king of the Isrealites after Saul
tributary a river or stream that flows into a larger river
Mesopotamia an ancient region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in southwest Asia
polytheism the beleif in many gods
confluence where 2 or more rivers meet
Abraham first leader of the Irealites
famine a time when there is so little food that many people starve
Assyrians people who lived in the empire of Assyria
Persian gulf an arm of the Arabian Sea located between the Arabian Peninsula and southwest Iran
myth a legend that explains peoples beleifs
Moses Isrealite leader; led the Isrealites from Egypt to Canaan
chariot the chariot is the earliest and simplest type of carriage
Torah the most sacred text of the Isrealites that recorded laws and events of their history
city-state a city with its own government, traditions, and laws both a city and an independant state
Euphrates River a river flowing from Turkey through Syria and Iraq
Israel a country in southwest asia
prophet a religious leader who told the Isrealites what God wanted them to do
empire many territories and people who are controlled by one government
peninsula an area of land nearly surrounded by water
Babylon a historical kingdom of northern Mesopotamia around present day Iraq and Turkey
Sinai Peninsula a peninsula on the northern end of the Red Sea that links southwest Asia and northeast Africa
astronomy the branch of science that studies the planets, stars, moon, and other objects in the universe
Tigris River a river in Iraq and Turkey
alphabet a set of symbols that represent the sounds of a language
Nineveh capital of assyria
10 commandments according to the Bible, a code of laws given to the Isrealites by god
exile to force someone to live in another country
Canaan a region occupied by the ancient Isrealites, also known as Palestine
Chaldeans overthrew Assyria in 612 b.c.
Solomon king of the Isrealites after David
Jordan River a river near present day northwestern Jordan
Canal a waterway dug into the earth or modified by people to transport water or people
Epic of Gilgamesh a very long story about a Sumerian hero
bazaar a market selling different kinds of goods
Hebrews people before Isrealites
Hammurabi creator and first king of the Babylonian empire
monotheism the beleif in one god
Nebuchadnezzar king of New Babylonian empire from 605 to 561 b.c.
Sumer the site of the earliest known civilization located in mesopotamia in present day southern Iraq later became Babylonia
Sargon King of Assyria conquered Babylonia and founded the last great Assyrian dynasty
code an organized list of laws and rules
Tyre a rich tradeport and major city of Phoenicia on the eastern mediteranean sea
Cuneiform a form of writing using groups of wedges and lines used to write several languages of the Fertile Crescent
Black Sea a sea near present day northwestern Turkey
diaspora the scattering of people who have a common background or belief
caravan a group of traders traveling together
Jerusalem the capital city of modern Israel; a holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims
Dead Sea Scrolls ancient Parchment manuscripts containing the first version of the first books of the Bible
Ur a city of ancient Sumer in Mesopotamia located in present day southeasrt Iraq
archives official documents
Baghdad a city in Iraq; is the capital of Iraq
Iraq a republic in southwest Asia; west of Iran; capital: Baghdad
battering ram an ancient military device with a heavy horizontal ram for battering down walls
Created by: gramajoeric