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60 Facts #1-40 V1.13

U.S. History Facts

QuestionAnswer
Invented by Eli Whitney ____________________ are uniform pieces that can be made in large quantities to replace other identical pieces. This invention greatly helped the growth of American industry. interchangeable parts
The __________________ protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights. English Bill of Rights
The _____________________ was signed on July 4, 1776. It was written by _________________, and declared the colonies independence from England. Declaration of Independence; Thomas Jefferson
_____________________ was the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Jefferson Davis
The ______________________ ended the French and Indian War and effectively kicked the French out of North America. Treaty of Paris 1763
______________________ was a former slave who became the best-known black abolitionist in the country. Frederick Douglass
The _______________________ is the first ten amendments to the Constitution and detail the protection of individual liberties. Bill of Rights
_______________________ was an inventor, statesman, diplomat, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He was responsible for convincing Louis XVI of France to support America during the Revolution. Benjamin Franklin
_____________________ wrote the Declaration of Independence; became the 3rd President of the United States; he also purchased the Louisiana territory, doubling the size of the United States. Thomas Jefferson
_______________________ are rights that cannot be given up, taken away, or transferred. Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, are some of those rights. Unalienable rights
_____________________ was the 16th President of the United States who successfully put the Union back together only to be assassinated 5 days after the Civil War ended. Abraham Lincoln
______________________ is considered to be the “Father of the Constitution.” James Madison
________________________ was a staunch Federalist and the longest serving Chief Justice in Supreme Court history (1801-1835). He played a key role in the development of the American legal system. John Marshall
The __________________, signed in 1215 by King John, was the first document that limited power of the ruler. Magna Carta
____________________ was an escaped slave who became a vocal member of the abolitionist movement as well as women’s rights. Sojourner Truth
_________________________ helped fuel the abolitionist movement in 1852 by writing Uncle Tom’s Cabin. The book shined a light on the horrors of slavery. Harriet Beecher Stowe
________________________ was the author of the Monroe Doctrine, which shut down the western hemisphere to European expansion or interference. In return, the US agreed not to interfere in European affairs. James Monroe
The _______________________ was written in 1787. The Constitution of the United States sets out the ________________________ of the government of the United States. Constitution of the United States; laws and principles
__________________ helped create the woman’s rights movement into a national organization. Susan B. Anthony
__________________ was the General of the Union Army and was responsible for winning the Civil War for the North. Ulysses S Grant
An ___________________ was a person who wanted to end slavery in the United States. abolitionist
____________________ is an economic theory that a country’s strength is measured by the amount of gold it has, that a country should sell more than it buys and that the colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country. Mercantilism
A ___________________ is a form of government that is run for and by the people, giving the people supreme power. democracy
_____________________ is a system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them. Representative Government
A Republic is a ______________ in which voters choose representatives to govern them. nation
______________________ is the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation. Free Enterprise
The ___________________ ended the American Revolution and forced Britain to recognize the United States as an independent nation. Treaty of Paris 1783
The Three Branches of Government are the ________________ (makes the laws), the ________________ (interprets the law), and the ___________________ (enforces the laws). Legislative Branch; Judicial Branch; Executive Branch
____________________ is a system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches. Checks and Balances
___________________ and organized the Seneca Falls Convention creating the Declaration of Sentiments and ultimately the Women’s Rights Movement in the United States. Elizabeth Cady Stanton; Lucretia Mott
______________________ is the right of the Supreme Court to judge laws, passed by Congress, and determine whether they are constitutional or not. Judicial Review
______________________ is the refusal to obey a government law or laws as a means of passive resistance because of one’s moral conviction or belief. Civil Disobedience
___________________ is an economic system based on private property and free enterprise. Capitalism
___________________ is a cruel and unjust government. Tyranny
____________________ is the right to vote. Suffrage
___________________ is the belief that the United States should own all of the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Manifest Destiny
The Civil War was fought from _____-________. 1861-1865
____________________ was the era in which a change from household industries to factory production using powered machinery took place. Industrial Revolution
The _______________ was an invention by Eli Whitney that speeded the cleaning of cotton fibers and in effect, increased the need for slaves. Cotton Gin
___________________ is a system in which each branch of government has its own powers. Separation of Powers
Created by: Texans1