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Chapter 8 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Progressivism a movement that believes that new ideas and honest, efficient govt. could bring about socia justice
Muckraker a tool used to clean manure and hay out of animals' stables
Social Gospel reform movement that emerged in the late nineteenth century that sought ot improve society by appyling Christainn principles
Settlement House a community center that provided social services to the urban poor
Direct Primary an election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections
Initaitive gave people the power to put a propsed new law directly on the ballot in the next election by collecting citizens' signatures on a petition
Referendum allowed citizens to approve or reject laws passed by legislators
Recall gave voters power to remove public servants from office before their terms ended
National Consumers League gave special labels to "good produced under fair, safe, and healthy working conditions" and urged women to buy them and avoid products that did not have these labels
Temperance Movement this group promoted temperance, the practice of never drinking alcohol.
National American Woman Suffrage Association group founded in 1890 that worked on both the state and national levels to earn women the right to vote
Nineteenth Amendment stated the right that the right to vote "shall not be denied or abridged on the account of sex."
Americanization belief thatassimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens
Niagara Movement denounced the idea of gradual progress
National Association for the Advencemnt of Colored People it aimed to help African Americans be "physically free from disfranchisement, and socially free from insult"
Urban League network of churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help African Americans get settled and find work in the citites
Anti-Defamation League its goal was and still is- to defend the Jews and otheres aganist physical and verbal attacks, false statements, and "to secure justice and fair treatment to all citizens alike"
mutualistas groups that made loans and provided leagl assistance
Square Deal a program that its goals were to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor
Hepburn Act gave the TCC strong enforcement powers
Meat Inspection Act 1906 law that allowed federal govt. to inspect meat sold across state lines
Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 law that allowed federal inspection of food and medecine and banned the interstate shipment and sale of impure food and the mislabeling of food and drugs
National Reclamation Act gave the federsl goverment the power to decide where and how water would be distributed
New Nationalism a program to restore the government's trustbusting power
Progressive Party political party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Rep. Party in 1912
New Freedom Woodrow Wilson's program to place controls on small corp. in order to benefitm small buisnesses
16th Admendent gave congress authority to levy an income tax
Federal Trade Commission to identify monopolitic business practices
Federal Reserve Act this law placed national banks under the control of a Federal Reserve Board
Clayton Antitrust Act whic strengthened earlier antitrsut laws by spelling out those activities in which businesses could not engage
Suffrage the right to vote
Created by: sarabelle1095