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DOD - Anthrax

Disease of the Day - 1/15/2013 - Anthrax

What is Anthrax? A life threatening disease that usually affects animals, especially ruminants. (cows)
True or false, Anthrax is a Zoonotic disease. (Can be transmitted from animal to human?) True
What is the etiologic agent for Anthrax? Bacillus anthracis
What are four ways that humans can get Anthrax? 1. breathing spores from infected animal products 2. eating undercooked meat from infected animals 3.exposure by handling products from infected animals 4.weaponized as a powder
What are the three most common types of Anthrax? Cutaneous Anthrax, Inhalation Anthrax, Gastrointestinal Anthrax
What are the symptoms associated with Cutaneous Anthrax? (7) 1. small, itchy sore that becomes a blister 2. eschar - blister turns into an ulcer with a black area in the middle 3.lymph nodes in the area are swollen 4.muscle aches and pains 5.fever 6.headache 7.nausea and vomiting
What are the symptoms of Inhalation Anthrax? (3) 1.Flu-like symptoms 2.shock 3.coma
What are the symptoms of Gastrointestinal Anthrax? 1.Nausea, loss of appetite 2.Bloody diarrhea 3.Fever 4.Abdominal Pain
How is Cutaneous Anthrax contracted? exposure to an open wound or cut
What is the most common type of Anthrax? Cutaneous Anthrax
What is the most severe and rare type of Anthrax? Gastrointestinal Anthrax
How is Gastrointestinal Anthrax contracted? eating undercooked contaminated meat or raw milk
How is Inhalation Anthrax contracted? Breathing in of spores
How is Anthrax treated? Antibiotics
What antibiotics are used to treat Anthrax? Penicillin, Tetracycline, Erythromycin, Ciprofloxacin
Do individuals with Anthrax need to be isolated? No
True or False, Cases of Anthrax must be reported. True
Are there any vaccines for Anthrax? Yes, but not readily available
How can Anthrax be prevented? - largest threat is bioterrorist attack - not eating undercooked meat or raw milk - avoiding infected animals and their products
Created by: iAshee



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