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8th Grade

Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy

Presidential campaign of 1828 One of the dirtiest in American History. John Quincy Adams v. Andrew Jackson
Mudslinging Reckless accusations against each other in a political campaign.
Well-Born People used to running the country-the bankers, planters, merchants, and lawyers.
Common Man The average male citizen who might not own land. They were allowed to vote for the first time in the election of 1828.
Monied Interests The rich who had taken control of the government from the beginning.
Self-Made Achieving wealth or influence through one's own effort rather than being born to a privileged family.
Presidential Election of 1824 Andrew Jackson won the popular vote but not the majority of electoral votes. H of R chose J.Q. Adams with the help of Henry Clay.
Corrupt Bargin Clay became Secretary of State for Adams after the election of 1824, because his supporters backed Adams.
Kitchen Cabinet Jackson made most of his decisions with the help of trusted friends and political supporters not his official cabinet.
Civil Servants employees of the government
Spoils System the practice of rewarding political supporters with government jobs.
Tariffs A tax imposed by the government on goods imported from another country
Nullification The right of a state to reject or nullify a federal law that favors one group over another was unconstitutional.
Secede to withdraw from an organization of alliance, in this case, to withdraw from the United States
John C. Calhoun Jackson's V.P, from South Carolina, who favored nullification.
Bank of the U.S. A private business chartered by Congress which loaned money to the rich and where the government deposited it's money.
Nicholas Biddle President, Bank of the U.S. Jackson will veto the bank's charter in up for renewal in 1836.
Five Civilized Tribes Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Seminole. Hoping to stay in their homeland, they adopted many white ways.
Sequoyah Cherokee who developed an alphabet for the Cherokee language.
Indian Removal Act 1830 Allowed President Jackson to make treaties in which the Native Americans in the East traded their lands for new territory on the Great Plains.
Trail of Tears The forced removal of the Cherokee from Georgia to Indian Territory.
Created by: jgallehe