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SFSS Gr. 4 Ohio Hist

Vocab Ch. 3 Early Native Americans

Objects used by long ago people such as pottery, jewelry and trash. artifacts
Objects used to make a person's life easier. tools
A kind of hard rock found in Ohio that is used to make into tools and stone points. flint
The name given to early Ohioans who relied on both hunting and gathering food. hunter-gatherers
A prehistoric elephant that roamed Ohio thousands of years ago. mammoth
A huge hill shaped mound built by early Ohioans. mounds
The name given to the people who built the first mounds in Ohio nearly 3000 years ago. These people built The Great Serpent Mound. Adena
Early Ohioans who built mounds that looked like forts, circles, squares and octagons. Hopewell
A long ago land bridge that spanned Asia and North America that enabled hunters to move into Ohio. Beringia
Scientists who study long ago civilizations. archeologists
A large Adena mound built into the shape of a snake eating an egg. It is located in Adams County. The Great Serpent Mound
Trading goods with other people without using money. Barter
The way people worship the God or gods they believed in. Religion
The possible uses of mounds. Burial, calendars, ceremonies, food storage, etc.
A religious leader who led a special religious ceremony. Shaman
Site located hundreds of feet above the Little Miami River. Fort Ancient
A diagram that shows when events happened in the past. Time line
A location where Europeans traded items with the Native Americans of the 1700s. Trading Post
A home for several families built from a wooden pole frames covered with strips of bark. Longhouse
A rounded hut built from wood poles covered with bark, grass or animal skins usually used by one family. Wigwam
A pole frame covered with grass mats or animal skins built for summer hunts. Teepee
A group of people who meet to talk and make decisions. Council
A salt spring. Lick
An early food preservative. Salt
One of the six different Native American groups that settled in different parts of Ohio. Each group had its own culture, ceremonies, music, etc. Ottawa, Shawnee, Miami, Mingo, Wyandot and Delaware
Another name given to the Mingo. Seneca
A tool brought by Europeans traders that made hunting much easier. Gun
A game that uses a stick with a net to catch a ball and throw it into a goal. Lacrosse
Created by: dmcdonough