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Civics Chap1 terms ~

Chapter 1

Civics The study of the rights and duties of citizens
Citizenship rights and duties of members of a state
Citizens Community member who owes loyalty to the government and is entitled to protection from it.
Service economy the majority of people earn their living by providing a service rather than manufacturing a product.
Values general principles of beliefs people use to make judgements & decisions
Popular sovereignty the notion that power lies with people
institution set of ideas that people have about relationship, obligations, roles, and functions of society.
naturalization a legal process to obtain citizenship
Alien a non-citizen
immigrant a person who moves permanently to a new country.
deport send an alien/immigrant back to his or her country
government the ruling authority for a community/ society.
public policy course of government action to achieve community goals
budget plan for collecting & spending money.
democracy government which citizens hold power to rule
direct democracy a form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
representative democracy a government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf.
republic representative democracy where citizens choose their lawmaker.
monarchy government with a hereditary, single leader.
Majority rule Political principle providing that a majority of the member of a community has power to make laws binding upon all the people.
authoritarian government in which on leader or group of people holds absolute power.
totalitarian a system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of people's lives.
Created by: aryanambristow