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Chapter 5 Vocab

Chapter 5 Vocab for U.S. History

VocabDefinitions
1) "New" immigrant- Southern and Eastern European immigrants who arrived in the United States in a great wave between 1880 and 1920.
2) Steerage- Third class accommodations on a steamship, which were usually overcrowded and dirty.
3) Ellis Island- Island in New York that served as an immigration station for millions of immigrants arriving to the United States.
4) Angel Island- Immigrant processing station that opened in San Francisco Bay in 1910.
5) Americanization- Belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens.
6) "Melting pot"- Society in which people of different nationalities assimilate to form one culture.
7) Nativism- Belief that native-born white Americans are superior to newcomers.
8) Chinese Exclusion Act- 1882 law that prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers.
9) Urbanization- Expansion of cities and/or an increase in the number of people living in them.
10) Rural-to-urban migrant- A person who moves from an agricultural area to a city.
11) Skyscraper- Very tall building.
12) Mass transit- Public transportation system that carry large numbers of people.
13) Suburb- Residential areas surrounding a city
14) Tenement- Multistory building divided into apartments to house as many families as possible.
15) Gilded Age- Term coined by Mark Twain to describe the post-Reconstruction era which was characterized by a facade of prosperity.
16) Conspicuous consumerism- Purchasing of goods and services for the purpose of impressing others.
17) Mass culture- Similar cultural patterns in a society as a result of the spread of transportation, communication, and advertising.
18) Vaudeville- Type of show, including dancing, singing, and comedy sketches, that became popular in the late nineteenth century.
Created by: Andrew_Clark