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Explorer-War of 1812

Ohio 4th grade content statements

In the mid 1700's both the French and British were interested in Ohio. Why? Furs from North America were very valuable in Europe. They both wanted to trap and trade the furs in Ohio and North American to sell for high prices in Europe.
Who were the two sides of the Frontier Wars of 1790's in Ohio? European Settlers and American Indians
Why were there conflicts in the 1790's in Ohio? European settlers and American Indians both wanted to control the land and rivers, which let them also control the fur trade.
The Native Americans did NOT want to side with the British at the beginning of the conflict over who would get control of the Ohio Country. Why? The British wanted more than just control of the fur trade, they also wanted to control the land completely and not share it.
The colonists felt Britain was being unfair and unjust to them. What were the British doing that the colonists felt were so unjust that it led to the American Revolutionary War? King George III made the Proclamation Line of 1763 which stated that no colonists could live west of the Appalachian Mountains and Britain charged very high taxes on goods without their representation (taxation without representation).
The colonists united to fight for independence from Britain. Why? The colonists wanted to be treated fairly with justice and liberty. The colonists wanted freedom to govern themselves and make their own laws.
The Northwest Territory had two rivers that formed the western and southern borders of the area. What are the two rivers? Mississippi River and Ohio River
What was the first state to be admitted to the United States from the Northwest Territory? Ohio
Why was Ohio the first state from the Northwest Territory to be admitted to the United States? When you look at a map you can see that Ohio is the furthest east and closest to the original 13 states.
Many Indian Chiefs like Tecumseh lead Native Americans to fight the settlers. Why? The settlers believed that an individual can buy land, while Indians thought the land should be for everyone to use. Additionally, when the settlers moved in they pushed the Indians off and cut trees to make large farms. They could not work together.
In 1794 in northwest Ohio, Little Turtle led the Native Americans to fight against the Americans with Mad Anthony Wayne as their leader. What is the name of that battle? Battle of Fallen Timbers
After the Battle of Fallen Timbers the Greenville Treaty was signed. What effect did the treaty have on Native Americans? The Native Americans were forced to live only in the NW part of Ohio where much of the land was the Black Swamp.
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 gave the settlers rights and rules. What are six of these? 1. Freedom of speech 2. Freedom of religion 3. Trial by jury of peers 4. Forbids slavery 5. Protects settlers from Indians 6. Provide public schools/education through setting aside land for them.
What was the MAIN reason most settlers came to Ohio? Most were poor and wanted an opportunity at the cheaper and good farmland available in Ohio.
Ohio was the 17th state admitted to the United States. What year was that? 1803
During the War of 1812 with Britain, Tecumseh formed a confederation of Native Americans. They became allies with the British. Why? Tecumseh was tired of Native Americans signing treaties, loosing their land, only to have the treaties broken by the Americans. He wanted the settlers OUT of Ohio and the land given back to the Indians.
During the War of 1812 Oliver Hazard Perry led and won an important battle which helped the Americans win the war. What was the name of this battle? Battle of Lake Erie
After the War of 1812 the American government and settlers had a tremendous effect on the Native American population. What was that effect? In 1830 the Indian Removal Act was signed which required all Ohio Indians to move to reservations west of the Mississippi River.
Describe how the British viewed land ownership. The British colonists and settlers believed that the land could be surveyed (measured) and then sold to an individual for money.
Describe how the Indians viewed land ownership. "Did not the Great Good Spirit make them all(air, land, water) for the use of his children?" Tecumseh and other Indians believed in shared usage of the land.
Who said, "We have met the enemy and they are ours!" Oliver Hazard Perry after defeating the British at the Battle of Lake Erie.
Who said, "No groups among us have a right to sell, even to one another, and surely not to outsiders who want all, and will not do with less. Sell a country! Why not sell the air, the clouds, and the Great Sea, as well as the earth?" Tecumseh
Use the timelines we created in class to practice creating a timeline with evenly spaced intervals, plotting dates and events, and giving the timeline a title.