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Ch 8 Judicial

Spalding Academy 7th/8th 2012

QuestionAnswer
A court’s authority to hear and decide cases Jurisdiction
A court’s calendar, showing the schedule of cases it is to hear Docket
A ruling that is used as a basis for a judicial decision in a similar case Precedent
A written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case Brief
The authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court Appellate jurisdiction
The authority to hear cases for the first time Original jurisdiction
The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any law or government action goes against the Constitution Judicial review
To send a case back to a lower court to be tried again Remand
When appointing judges to district courts, the President will ask the senator from that state if s/he has a recommendation Senatorial courtesy
District courts will NOT hear cases involving: A. A violation of a federal law, B. A Constitutional issue, C. A murder trial that happened in New York with a New Yorker as the murderer, D. Interstate trade C.
Explain the process for hearing cases in the Supreme Court in a minimum of 10 sentences. Be sure to include specific details. 1) Accept the case, 2) Written arguments, 3) Oral arguments, 4) Conference, 5) Opinion writing, 6) Announcement
How long is the Supreme Court in session? What do they do during that time? Oct-Jul. 2 wks oral arguments, 2 wks recess
Is this justice moderate, conservative, or liberal? Alito Conserv
Is this justice moderate, conservative, or liberal? Breyer Liberal
Is this justice moderate, conservative, or liberal? Ginsburg Liberal
Is this justice moderate, conservative, or liberal? Kagan Liberal
Is this justice moderate, conservative, or liberal? Kennedy Moderate
Is this justice moderate, conservative, or liberal? Roberts Conserv.
Is this justice moderate, conservative, or liberal? Scalia Conserv.
Is this justice moderate, conservative, or liberal? Sotomayor Liberal
Is this justice moderate, conservative, or liberal? Thomas Conserv
Judges will hold their post for life unless ___________________. A. They die or quit, B. They die, quit, or are impeached, C. They are impeached, D. They turn 75 yrs old B
The court of appeals will NOT hear a case: A. Which was lost in lower court, B. Which the defendant won, C. Which there was bias in the decision, D. If new evidence was found that could change the outcome of the lower court’s decision B.
Main role of Supreme Ct is to hear cases: A. On appeal from lower courts, B. On appeal from state courts, C. For the first time and make a decision based on facts, D. To decide if laws or actions are allowable under the U.S. Constitution D
The major role of the court of appeals is to hear cases: A. On appeal from lower courts, B. That only involves murder, C. For the first time and make a decision based on facts, D. Involving misconduct of state officials A.
The major role of the district court is to hear cases: A. On appeal from lower courts, B. That only involves murder, C. For the first time and make a decision based on facts, D. Involving misconduct of state officials C.
The Supreme Court will NOT hear cases involving A. Diplomats from foreign countries, B. The Constitution, C. A civil dispute, D. Treaties with other nations C
What 2 types of jurisdiction power does the Supreme Court have? appellate and original
What are 2 extra duties of the Supreme Court Chief Justice? Preside over impeachment trials, influence which cases will be heard, administer oath of office
What are the 3 types of opinions that Supreme Court justices issue? What do they mean? Majority: most agree, concurring: agree with majority for different reason, dissenting: disagree with majority
What do Witnesses do? Testifies in court
What does a Defense Attorney do? Defends the accused
What does a Judge do? Conducts trial
What does a jury do? Decides guilt/innocence
What does a Prosecutor do? Gov’t lawyer who tries a case
What is a common characteristic of all federal justices? A. They went to an ivy-league school, B. They were politicians before becoming a judge, C. They were lawyers, D. They were all wealthy C
Judges are appointed by _______________ and approved by ________________. A. Senate; president, B. President; House of Representatives, C. Senate; House of Representatives, D. President; Senate D
What are the 3 types of decisions that Supreme Court justices can make? What do they mean? 1) Uphold original decision (decision stays same), 2) Reverse original decision (decision overturned, 3)Remand—send it back to District Court
Created by: rejoyce431
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