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Civics Midterm Revie

government institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
public policies all of the things a gov. decides to do to keep the public safe
legislative power power to make law and frame public policies
executive power power to execute, enforce, and administer law
judicial power power to interpret laws, determine their meaning, and settle disputes
constitution body of fundamental laws setting out principles, structures, and processes of a gov.
dictatorship responsibility for the exercise of powers is held by a single person or small group of people
democracy responsibility for the exercise of powers rest with the majority of the people
state body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically (with a gov)
sovereign supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies.
autocracy gov. in which one person holds unlimited political power
oligarchy gov. in which the power to rule is held by a small elite
federal gov. powers of gov. are divided between a central gov and several local govs
division of powers an authority superior to both the central and local govs makes the division of powers on a geographic basis.
confederation alliance of independent states
presidential gov. separation of powers between the executive and the legislative branches of the gov.
parliamentary gov. the executive is made up of the prime minister and the official's cabinet
compromise the matter by which the position most acceptable to the largest number is found
free enterprise system American economic system
law of supply and demand when supplies of goods and services become plentiful, prices drop
mixed economy an economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of gov regulation and promotion
Preamble short noteworthy introduction of the constitution
articles the seven numbered sections in the constitution
constitutionalism the gov must be conducted according to constitutional principles
rule of law gov and its officers are always subject to the law
separation of powers basic powers of law are distributed into three branches
checks and balances each branch is subject to a number of constitutional checks by the other branches
veto reject an act of Congress
judicial review power of courts to determine whether what gov does is in accord with what the Constitution provides
unconstitutional illegal, null and void, of no force and effect
federalism division of power among a central gov and several regional govs
chief of state
chief executive
chief administrator
Created by: alexoreo7