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Chapter 11 Stack MN

The Industrial Revolution and Pre Civil war

Hand tools were gradually replaced with machines and man and horse power were replaced with water and steam power Industrial Revolution
System that brings the workers and machines together in one place The Factory System
A reliable source of power that allowed factories to move away from rivers to cities and cheap labor Steam Engines
An apprentice to the English man to develop the factory system and the machines used in the textile mills there, that brought those ideas to America Samuel Slater
Built improved versions of the English machines and combined both spinning and weaving in the same factory Francis Cabot Lowell
The rapid manufacturing of large numbers of identical objects Mass Production
Identical pieces that could be assembled quickly by unskilled workers Interchangeable Parts
What harsh working conditions existed in American factories? Poor lighting, lack of fresh air, dangerous machines, and no payments for injured or disabled workers
3 causes of the spread of disease in cities Lack of clean drinking water, filthy streets, poor sewer systems
Samuel Morse's groundbreaking communication invention that sent messages over an electrical wire The Telegraph
Invented the mechanical reaper to help with the harvesting of wheat Cyrus McCormick
How did advances in transportation help industry? Factories could use raw materials from farther away and ship goods to distant markets
3 major advancements in transportation Steam boats, Yankee Clipper ships, and the Steam Locomotive
The 2 countries that most immigrants in the 1840's came from Ireland and Germany
People who wanted to preserve America for white, American born Protestants Nativists
The denial of equal rights or equal treatment to certain groups of people Discrimination
Eli Whitney's invention that used a spiked cylinder to remove seeds from cotton fibers the Cotton Gin
The 4 Effects of the Cotton Gin Made cotton more profitable, increase use and value of slaves, made cotton the main source of U.S. wealth, and increased cotton production
Argument in support of slavery Slaves, unlike Northern factory workers did not have to worry about unemployment and were fed and given shelter
Arguments against slavery Unlike Northern factory workers slaves could not quit harsh jobs and slaves often endured physical and other types of abuses
Free Africans were discouraged from doing this Traveling
Type of work done by slaves Some were skilled workers, some were house slaves, most did hard field work
Religious folk songs that blended biblical themes with the realities of slavery Spirituals
Ways of resisting slavery Working slowly, breaking equipment, running away, and rebellion
The 1st state to begin the process of eliminating slavery Pennsylvania
The 1st state to officially ban slavery in its state constitution Ohio
Reformers who wanted to end slavery immediately Abolitionist
Founded the Abolitionist paper "the Liberator" and the American Anti-slavery Society and favored giving full political rights to African Americans William Lloyd Garrison
An escaped slave that became an abolitionist, spoke at anti-slavery rallies, and founded his own Abolitionist paper called "The North Star" Frederick Douglas
A network of people who secretly helped slaves reach freedom in the North The Underground Railroad
Led more than 300 slaves to safety and became known as the "black Moses" Harriet Tubman
Why did some Northerners still oppose abolition? Northern workers were afraid slaves would take their jobs
3 ways people were sold into slavery Prisoners of war, kidnapped by other Africans, sold family members to avoid starvation
4 freedoms denied to women in 1820 Could not vote, could not serve on juries, could not attend college, could not do some jobs like Doctors or Lawyers
The movement Sojourner Truth, Lucretia Mott, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were involved in before women's rights Abolition
A document that modeled the Declaration of Independence and listed the injustices women suffered The Declaration of Sentiments
The fight for the women's right to vote Suffrage
What subjects were women not taught because it was believed they wouldn't need them? Math and Science
Name for any place slaves could rest on their journey on the Underground Railroad Station
Name for people who helped move slaves north to freedom Conductors
Name for any mode of transportation used to move slaves on the Underground railroad Train
Spiritual with a secret meaning, telling slaves to use the Big Dipper to guide them North Follow the Drinking Gourd
Where most slaves headed because they refused to send fugitive slaves back to the South Canada
Created by: mrnick625