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Unit 8 SS Period 4

Reconstruction Terms

Reconstruction Amendments 13, 14, 15 It implementing the Reconstruction of the South after the war
Radical Republicans Powerful republicans that manipulated the other factions to their advantage
Lincoln's 10% Plan A model for reinstatement of Southern states
Johnson's Reconstruction Plan It disenfranchised all former military and civil officers of the Confederacy and all those who owned property worth 1000 or more made their estates liable to confiscation
Wade Davis Bill It made re-admittance to the Union for former Confederate states contingent on a majority in each Southern state to take the Ironclad oath to the effect they had never in the past supported the Confederacy
Scalawags Southern whites who supported Reconstruction and the Republicans after the Civil War
Carpet-Baggers A political candidate who seeks election in an area where they have no local connections
Sharecropping A farmer who gives a part of his crop as rent
Tenant Farming Farming rented land
Reconstruction Act of 1867 Was necessary for the former Confederate States to be readmitted to the Union
Johnson's Impeachment It consumed the long political battle between Johnson and the Radical Republican movement which dominated Congress and wanted control of Reconstruction policies
KKK A clan made by Confederate veterans of the Civil War that thought they felt like outsiders in the United States.
Compromise of 1877 It settle the intensely disputed the 1876 election and ended Reconstruction in the South.
Booker T. Washington An African-American educator, author, orator, and advisor to Republican presidents
W.E.B Dubois An American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author and editor
Ethnocentrism Evaluating other people and cultures according to the standards of one's own culture
Black Codes A body of laws, statues, and rules enacted by southern states immediately after the Civil War to regain control over the freed slaves, maintain while supremacy, and ensure the continued supply of cheap labor
Jim Crow Laws Were state and local laws in te US enacted between 1876 and 1965
Poll Taxes A tax levied on every adult, without reference to their income or resources
Literacy Tests The government practice of testing the literacy of potential citizens at the federal level, and potential voters at the state level.
Grandfather Clause A clause in the constitutions of some Southern states after 1890 intended to permit whites to vote while disfranchising blacks: it exempted from new literacy and property qualifications for voting those men entitled to vote before 1867 and their lineal de
Created by: Joe Dirt