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Foy Chapter 12 Test

Chapter 12

QuestionAnswer
Most mills were located in this region of the United States. Northeast
The first achievements of the Industrial Revolution took place in this industry. textile
The production of large numbers of identical goods is known as this. mass production
This period of rapid growth introduced machines in the areas manufacturing and production. Industrial Revolution
These parts are made from pieces that are exactly the same. interchangeable
The Industrial Revolution began first in this country. Great Britain
This event helped American manufacturing become less dependent on foreign goods. War of 1812
This American inventor promised to produce 10,000 muskets in two years. Eli Whitney
This skilled British mechanic brought his knowledge of cloth-producing machines to the United States. Samuel Slater
Because new machines were too large to fit in a person’s home and needed a power source, these were built along streams. mills
Workers created ___________________ to improve pay and working conditions in the factories. trade unions
The _________________ system was a strategy of hiring families and dividing factory work into simple tasks. Rhode Island
______________________ wanted to attract workers to his mill so he built housing for his laborers and allowed workers to pay with credit at his stores. Samuel Slater
The Lowell system was to hire young, unmarried ____________ from cities to work in the factories. women
_____________________________ founded the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association and played a large role in the American labor movement. Sarah G. Bagley
This was a period of rapid growth in the speed and ease of travel. Transportation Revolution
He invented the steamboat. Robert Fulton
Because of its location, this city became an important center for transportation in the United States. Chicago
This Supreme Court case strengthened the federal government’s power over the states. Gibbons v. Ogden
Companies in this industry soon became some of the most powerful businesses in the United States. railroad
This replaced wood as the main source of power for locomotives. coal
This invention made river travel faster. steamboat
In 1830, he built a small locomotive called the Tom Thumb. Peter Cooper
This was used to make the rails that trains ride on. steel
The cutting down and removal of trees is the definition of this term. deforestation
Who invented the mechanical reaper? Cyrus McCormick
How were prices of goods affected by mass production? They lowered.
Dots and dashes are used to stand for each letter of the alphabet in what system? Morse code
What device did Isaac Singer help to improve? sewing machine
What device could send information over wires across great distances? telegraph
Clearing land to build the railroad led to the loss of animal habitats and soil erosion. What is the term for this process? deforestation
You are unhappy with the wages you earn at the factory. What is a tactic you could use to get the owner to meet your demands? strike
What did the shift from water power to steam power allow factory owners to do? build factories anywhere
How did cities change after factories moved there? They became centers of industrial growth.
How many hours a day would factory employees typically work? 12-14
Where were telegraph lines placed? by the railroad
How would you describe the low-paying jobs people had in the factories? simple, repetitive tasks
What was one of the accomplishments of labor unions? Several states passed 10-hour workday laws.
What event made the telegraph more popular? 1844 Democratic National Convention
What farming tool did John Deere invent in 1837? steel plow
Created by: lfoy8290