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US His Bj 6-16 Final

US His Final Chp. 6 - 16

QuestionAnswer
American Telephone and Telegraph Company Alexander Graham Bell
Central electric power station Thomas A. Edison
Developed a new way to make steel Henry Bessemer
Standard Oil Company John D. Rockefeller
Replaced striking workers scabs
Patented the telegraph Samuel F. B. Morse
Led the Sioux in war Sitting Bull
Theory that discouraged government interference in economic matters Social Darwinism
Company that has no competition Monopoly
Breaking down a job into separate tasks Division of Labor
Oppose all forms of government Anarchists
Bought up large areas of land in the hope of selling it later for a profit Land Speculators
Migrated to western lands to escape racial violence faced in the South Exodusters
Led the United Stated cavalry at the Battle of Little Bighorn George Armstrong Custer
Raced across Indian Territory to stake land claims Boomers
Stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations Imperialism
To join a new territory to an existing country Annexation
National pride combined with an aggressive foreign policy Jingoism
Areas of economic and political control Sphere of Influence
Gave the U.S. equal access to trading rights in China Open Door Policy
A grant of land in exchange for a promise to use it for a specific purpose Concession
Policy that established "an international police power" Roosevelt Corollary
Germany's promise that it would warn ships before attacking Sussex Pledge
Cease-fire between opponents in a war Armistice
Pres. Wilson's program for peace Fourteen Points
World-wide organization aimed at ensuring security and peace League of Nations
Payment for economic injury suffered during a war Reparations
Court case established "separate but equal" Plessy vs. Ferguson
Popular form of entertainment in late 1800's Amusement Parks
Result of Spanish-American War Cuba recognized as independent nation, US bought Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam from Spain for $20 million
Main belief of Progressives Protect people-help the poor
Expose political and business corruption Muckrackers
Event that sparked WWI Assination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Reason why US entered WWII Germany kept sinking American ships
Long-term effect of Prohibition Organized crime
KKK's target African Americans, Catholics, Jews
Economic crisis that triggered the Great Depression Great Crash
Group of people that prospered in the 1920's Wealthy
Group of people that suffered in the 1920's Farmers, poor
Environmental crisis of the 1930's Dust Bowl
Collapse of the American economic system in the 1930's Great Depression
FDR declared a "banking holiday" to... Inspect financial health of banks
Goal of the Sherman Anti-trust Act To prevent monoplies by breaking up trusts
American Federation of Labor included Only skilled white male workers
Response to the Pullman Strike Use of Federal troops to stop it
Result of Massacre at Wounded Knee More than 200 Sioux, mostly women and children, lay dead
Early 1900's public school became Required
Author of "The Jungle" Sinclair Lewis
Purpose of the Selective Service Act Increase the number of soldiers
Movies added this in the 1920's Sound
Advantage of u-boats Travel undected underwater
Nicknames of the 1920's Roaring Twenties, Jazz Age
1920's Americans bought goods On credit
Symbol of hope during the Depression Empire State Building
Purpose of Second New Deal More social reforms
Part of New Deal legacy Hope for Americans
Government spending during the Depression doubled the nations Debt
What did immigrants encounter when they came to the United States? Prejudice, physical exams and deportation if had a contagious disease
List and explain two main strategies of women suffragists They wrote books and obtain a hearing before every meeting of Congress from 1919 to 1969
Four main causes of WWI Imperialism, Militarism, Nationalism, Alliances
Imperialism Competition for land and consumers
Militarism Aggressively building up armed forces and giving more authority over govern and foreign policy to the military
Nationalism Love of ones nation
Alliances Complicated system that pulls countries into war to aide those in trouble
Explain the theory of social Darwinism and how it shaped the government's relationship with the American people. Survival of the fittest in business-
Created by: sudokken