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Chap 15 8th Soc Stud

Chapter 15 Creating America

QuestionAnswer
Congressional law passed that allowed California to become a Free State while allowing popular sovereignty to take effect in the territories gained in the Mexican war. Compromise of 1850
The confederation formed in 1861 by the Southern states. Confederate States of America
A compromise introduced into congress in 1861 that sought to prevent Southern secession, but ultimately failed. Crittenden Plan
1856 Supreme Court case in which a slave, Dred Scott, sued for his freedom because he had been taken to live interritories where slavery was illegal. Dred Scott v. Sandford
Political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery. Free-Soil Party
1850 Law that helped slaveholders recapture runaway slaves. Fugitive Slave Act
A Federal arsenal in Virginia that was captured in 1859 during a slave revolt. Harpers Ferry
Author and abolitionist who publicized the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Harriet Beecher Stowe
Senator of Kentucky who helped create the Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850. Henry Clay
1854 law that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right to decide whether to allow slavery. Kansas-Nebraska Act
A series of debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas for the Illinois Senate seat. Lincoln Douglas Debate
A system of deciding matters of law by allowing the people to vote on the issue. Popular Sovereignty
The political party formed in 1854 after a split in the Whig party by opponents of slavery. Republican Party
The economies of the North and South were based on this. North = Manufacturing; South = Agriculture
In 1848 the U.S. gained new territory (Texas) from what country, ultimately increasing disputes over slavery? Mexico
Why was the Fugitive Slave Act created? To appease the South into passing the Compromise of 1850.
How did Uncle Tom’s cabin change the way Americans viewed slavery? It increased support of the abolitionist cause and criticized slavery.
What term has been used to describe the events that took place following the Kansas-Nebraska Act? Bleeding Kansas
What political issues caused the violence between the residents in the Kansas and Nebraska territory? Popular sovereignty and slavery
What former political party split over the issue of slavery and formed the Republican Party? Whigs
What were the main results of the Dred Scott trial? Scott was ruled not to be a U.S. citizen and congress was not legally allowed to ban slavery in any territory.
How did the Lincoln Douglas debates impact Abraham Lincoln’s political career? Abraham Lincoln lost the Illinois House of Representatives race and gained significant political status as a great speaker.
Who was the radical Abolitionist who organized a slave revolt at Harpers Ferry? John Brown
What were the results of the slave rebellion at Harpers Ferry? The rebellion was unsuccessful, but abolitionists across the country praised the efforts of the conspirators.
What was Abraham Lincoln’s stance on slavery? He believed slavery was immoral, and opposed its expansion into the territories.
What was Stephen Douglas’ stance on slavery? He supported the idea of popular sovereignty on the issue of slavery – each state should decide for itself.
What promise did Abraham Lincoln make to the South in his 1st inaugural address? Slavery would not be abolished
What was the 1st State to secede from the Union? South Carolina
What party was formed to preserve the Union? Constitutional Union Party
What was the effect of the Mexican War on disagreements about slavery? New lands available for settling brought up the issue of slave vs free territories.
What were the effects of the Compromise of 1850? Congress admitted California as a free state, banned the buying and selling of slaves in Washington, D.C. ,and passed the Fugitive Slave Act. c. Congress
Why was the Fugitive Slave Act created? To appease the South, so they would not block the Compromise of 1850.
How was the Fugitive Slave Act received? Southerners approved it, but Northerners opposed it.
Why did John Brown raid Harper's Ferry? He hoped to get guns to arm slaves and inspire a slave revolt.
The Democratic party split three ways in 1860. Who was the candidate for the North? For the South? Stephen Douglas; John Breckenridge
John Bell was the candidate for the Constitutional Union Party. What was their platform in the 1860 election? They wanted to preserve the union.
Created by: judi829