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History Review

Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Patriot Colonists that rebelled against Britain.
Lexington and Concord The 'shot heard around the world' or the first battle of the American Revolution
2nd Continental Congress A convention of delegates that started meeting in May 1775 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania soon after the American Revolution begun.
Benedict Arnold The most infamous person of the American Revolution for betraying his country.
Thomas Jefferson An American delegate that is known as one of America's founding fathers.
Declaration of Independence The Colonies' formal document declaring independence from Britain.
Sugar Act The sugar act was used by the British to raise revenue for the French and Indian War debts. There were taxes on almost all household items including molasses.
Thomas Paine Thomas Paine was an English political activist that wrote 'Common Sense' which urged colonists to rebel.
Tea Act The tea act was levied so that Britain could get rid of a huge surplus of tea that they had. The British undercut small businesses by forcing the tea upon the colonists.
George Washington The commander of the continental army.
Mercenary A paid soldier.
Strategy Some form of plan for battle.
Battle of Saratoga The turning point of the revolution where America gained French and Spanish support.
Bayonet A long knife that goes on the end of a musket.
Desert When a soldier leaves his army or group.
Privateer A private owned ship that fights by volunteering.
John Paul Jones He won one of the most famous naval battles in the American Revolution
Lord Cornwallis The commander of the British Army
Guerilla Fighting in the woods and moving fast.
Battle of Yorktown This was known as the end of the revolution
Benedict Arnold A traitor to his own country that was quite infamous for betraying America.
Treaty of Paris 1783 British formally recognized The Colonies as an independent nation (America).
Valley Forge Washington and his troops stayed here during the winter of the revolution. Weather was cold and supplies were scarce
Marquis da Lafayette A man who served directly under Washington.
Treason Committing a crime against your country.
Articles of Confederation Weak form of government that governed the colonists through the Revolution
Land Ordinance of 1785 Divided up the land in the Northwest.
Northwest Territory Small land claims that were in the northwest part of America
Northwest Ordinance Set a pattern of orderly growth for the Northwest Territory.
Shay's Rebellion A rebellion among farmers about America's weak government.
Constitutional Convention The constitution was drafted by many delegates.
James Madison A famous federalist that wrote the Virginia Plan.
Virginia Plan Wrote by James Madison, it focused on a strong national government giving more power to the nation.
New Jersey Plan A plan that gave more power to the individual states instead of the national government.
Great Compromise An agreement met between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan.
Three-Fifths Compromise 3/5 of all slaves will be counted toward the states' total population
Federalists Wanted a stronger national government
Anti-Federalists Wanted a stronger state government
The Federalist Papers A series of essays that persuaded many people to ratify the constitution.
George Mason A famous anti-federalist.
Bill of Rights A series of amendments to the constitution that protected peoples' personal rights.
Popular Sovereighnty The legitimacy of the state is created and sustained by the will of its people.
Republicanism A form of government where representatives are elected
Federalism Government power is distributed among states and national government.
Separation of Powers Each house has different powers in the National Government.
Checks and Balances A way for each branch of government to check or make sure that the other one doesn't have too much power.
Limited Government Even the government leaders have to follow the laws.
Individual Rights Rights that cannot be taken away like life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Preamble The introduction to the constitution.
Created by: l0806002