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Egypt Test Review
review questions for HAC 4
|Which two important regions of ancient Egypt did the Nile River flow through?
|Upper and Lower Egypt
|Why is the flooding of the Nile good for farming?
|It washed fertile silt onto the land.
|In ancient Egypt, farms grew into blank and then blank.
|How did Egyptian farmers water their crops?
|A system of canals
|Which natural barriers initially protected ancient Egyptians from their neighbors?
|Desert to west, Mediterranean Sea to north, desert and Red Sea to east, cataracts on Nile to south
|Who emerged as village leaders in ancient Egypt by 3200 B.C.?
|Who do historians believe to be Egypt’s first pharaoh? What did he do?
|Menes; he unified upper and lower Egypt.
|What did the double crown symbolize?
|The unification of Egypt as one kingdom
|Menes and his descendants were the first blank to rule Egypt.
|The pharaoh of Egypt was considered both a blank and a blank.
|Who would the Egyptians blame if there was disease or drought?
|What was much of Egyptian religion focused on?
|What is ka? What did Egyptians believe happened to ka after a person died?
|A ka is a person’s life force. The Egyptians believed the ka left the body, but stayed near it (stayed linked to body). The ka needed food, drink, and entertainment just like a human, though.
|What was the burial practice of ancient Egyptians?
|The Egyptians preserved the body before burying it so that the ka would be able to recognize it
|Egyptians built pyramids to be grand and spectacular because…
|Pharaohs wanted to be remembered as great. The people were always trying to please the pharaoh, too, because he was a god. If the pharaoh’s ka was happy, then the people’s ka would be happy. The pyramid was the stairway to the heavens.
|Who drove the Hyksos out of Egypt to begin the New Kingdom?
|Ahmose of Thebes
|21. Why was there a growth in trade during the New kingdom?
|There was a growth in trade because Egypt conquered many new lands.
|After the wars in the Middle Kingdom, Egyptians created a professional army and took control of all possible blank leading into the kingdom.
|The majority of Egyptians were employed as blank.
|Why were tombs filled with art, jewelry and other treasures?
|So the ka wouldn’t get bored
|How did the Rosetta stone help scholars and historians in their study of hieroglyphics?
|The stone had hieroglyphics and two other languages inscribed. Scholars were able to decipher and read hieroglyphics because all three texts said the same thing.
|In ancient Egypt, the pharaoh had many responsibilities. What were at least three of these- be specific. (check Brain Pop-Pharaohs)
|They had to make sure crops were growing, had to prevent disease and lead armies in war. Collect taxes, oversee trade and construction, make laws