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Ch8 Political Scienc

Chapter Eight

Air Wars Mass media, particularly through the use of television ads.
Candidate-centered campains Indv. candidates devise their own strategies, choose their own issues and form their own campaign organizations.
Party-centered campaigns Republicans and Democrats compete across the country election after election
Political Party An ongoing coalition of interests joined together in an effort to get it's candidates for public office elected under a common label.
Factional Parties (Minor parties) that resulted from a split within one of the major parties.
Ideological Parties Includes 'Socialist Workers Party' and 'Libertarian Party', each of which operates on the fringes of American politics.
Reform Parties (an example of a 'Minor party' or 'factional party')Anti-parties in the sense that they arose out of a belief that partisan politics is a corrupting influence. (Progressive Party)
Single-Issue Parties (An example of a Minor party/Factional party)formed around a lone issue overriding interest to their followers.
Gender Gap Women vote democratic. It's policy related!
Grassroots Party Organized chiefly at the local level and open to all citizens.
Linkage Institutions (parties) serve to connect citizens with government.
Party Competition narrows voters options to two and in the process enables people with different opinions and backgrounds to act together.
Hard Money Strict amount limits(more so for House than Senate) but can be used how ever the candidate chooses.
Soft Money Amount restriction-less. (For both) Can only go towards things like, voter registration and party-centered television as that could indirectly benefit the candidates.
Service Relationship the relationship Party Committees have with tier candidates. (more than a power relationship) They don't get to hand pick so they really can only serve to make sure the other party doesn't get reelected.
Money Chase 'The Struggle' Senators or House members have to deal with to get reelected.
The Median Voter Theorem if their are two parties, the parties can maximize their vote only of they position themselves at the location of the median voter.
Median Voter Voter who's preferences are exactly in the middle.
Single-member districs One single member from each district gets elected(discouraging more than two party system)
Proportional Representation Seats in the legislature are allocated according to a parties share of the popular vote.
Two-party System (Is the exception rather than the rule) Mostly in the United States.
Multi-Party System Three or more parties have the capacity to gain control of government, separately or in coalition.
A primary election (Direct Primary) gives control of nominations to voters.
Packaging (of a candidate) (What campaigns consultants are good at.)Highlighting those aspects of the candidate's partisanship, policy positions, personal background, and personality that are thought to be most attractive to voters.
Political Consultants Campaign strategists, pollsters, media producers, and fundraising and get-out-the-vote-specialists.
Party Coalitions What groups and interests that support a party are collectively known as.
Party Organizations National, State and local levels of political parties.
Party Realignments Periods of extra ordinary party changes.
What are four basic elements in a Realignment? Disruption; Voter Shift; Change in policy; Change in party coalitions.
Monolyth Voting as a group
Name the four types Minor (3rd) parties Single-issue(on-trick ponies); Factional; Ideological; and Reform parties.
Prospective Looking at the candidates future
Retro-spective looking at the candidate's past.
Jefferson (grass_____) Believes the part leads the people (grass-tops)
Jackson (grass______) Believes that every thing starts at the roots.; the people lead the party. (Grassroots)
Dealignment a movement of voters away from strong party attachments.
527 groups Not-for-profit political organizations that have become popular tools for evading soft money bans
U.S. political parties are loose associations of national, state, and local organizations, which are organized from the bottom up.
Created by: jtimmon1
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