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|Who were the first settlers in Ireland and when did they arrive?
|Middle Stone Age(Mesolithic) people. 8000BC
|Give two characteristics for the 1st settlers in Ireland
|They were hunters and gathers. They hunted animals and gathered nuts and berrries
|Where did the 1st settlers settle?
|Mount Sandel, Northern Ireland
|When did the 1st farmers arrive in Ireland and what were they called?
|4000BC,New Stone Age(Neolithic) people
|Give 2 characteristics for the 1st farmers
|They built large megalithic tombs, they grew wheat and barley and kept cattle,sheep and pigs
|What is meant by the word megalithic?
|Name two type of tombs Neolithic people built
|Court cairns, portal dolmens, passage graves
|What is a portal dolmen?
|A type of tomb built by Neolithic people. It consisted of a capstone(top piece) and two upright stones called portals
|What is a passage grave?
|A passage that leads to a chamber
|Give an example of a passage grave and talk about it
|Newgrange,Co.Meath.Newgrange is about 4500 years old.A long passage leads from the tomb entrance to a chamber deep inside the tomb where people such as kings are were burried.
|Give an interesting fact about the passage grave you have mentioned
|Over the entrance the is a hole called a light hole. The hole is positioned that,precisely at the sunrise on 21 December sunlight can pass through the hole , down the passage and light up the chamber
|What is wattle?
|Woven wooden poles to form a frame/wall for the house
|What is daub?
|Mud witch was plastered onto the walls
|What were rotary querns?
|Circular grinding stones that rubbed off each other
|What was the Bronze age?
|Around 2000BC when people who came to Ireland discovered how to make sharp weapons and tools out of bronze
|What is bronze?
|Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin
|What were Torcs?
|Necklaces or bracelets that resembled ropes
|What were Lunulas?
|Gold necklaces that looked like the crescent moon
|What was a Fulachtaí Fia?
|An ancient cooking place
|Name two types of tombs bronze age people built
|Cist graves, wedge tombs,standing stones
|What was a cist grave?
|A small rectangular pit lined with stone slabs
|What was wedge tomb?
|They looked like portal dolmens but they were high at one end and low and narrow at the other
|What was the iron age?
|When Celts arrived to Ireland from Europe and brought knowledge of iron with them
|When did the Celts arrive?
|Name two pieces of clothing Celts wore?
|Tunics, woolen cloaks
|What are stone forts?
|Circular forts called Dúns
|What was the job of smiths?
|To make tools and weapons out of iron
|What was the job of stonemasons?
|To make objects such as ogham stones. Stone pillars with names carved into them
|What was the job of carpenters?
|To help build houses,fences and boats
|What was a Druid?
|Name two Celtic festivals
|Samhain,1 Nov,Celtic New year. Bealtine,1 May, The beginning of summer
|What was a tuatha?
|A small kingdon
|What was a rí?
|What was a tániste?
|The kings successor
|What was the derbhfine?
|The royal family
|What was a brehon?
|What was a Filí?
|What was a bard?
|People who recited or sang poetry
|Who were the Aos Dána?
|Important people due to their special skills
|Name 2 members of the Aos Dána?
|Druids and Filí
|What was fosterage?
|When children of nobles were sent to other nobles to be educated
|Celtic societies was organised in a certain way. Name the catorgaries people were organised in, in order from wealthy to poor
|The royal family, the nobles, the Aos Dána, the commoners and the slaves