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60 Facts 1-30 V1.12

History Facts

QuestionAnswer
The __________________protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights. English Bill of Rights
_____________________is considered to be the “Father of the Constitution.” James Madison
_________________________and _____________________organized the Seneca Falls Convention creating the ______________________and ultimately the Women’s Rights Movement in the United States. Elizabeth Cady Stanton; Lucretia Mott; Declaration of Sentiments
__________________is a system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches. checks and balances
_____________________________is an economic theory that a country’s strength is measured by the amount of gold it has, that a country should sell more than it buys and that the colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country. mercantilism
The __________________was signed on __________________. It was written by _____________________, and declared the colonies independence from England. Declaration of Independence; July 4, 1776; Thomas Jefferson
________________________was an escaped slave who became a vocal member of the abolitionist movement as well as women’s rights. Sojourner Truth
The ____________________ended the French and Indian War and effectively kicked the French out of North America. Treaty of Paris 1763
__________________helped fuel the abolitionist movement in 1852 by writing Uncle Tom’s Cabin. The book shined a light on the horrors of slavery. Harriet Beecher Stowe
The _____________________ is the first ten amendments to the Constitution and detail the protection of individual liberties. Bill of Rights
A ______________________is a form of government that is run for and by the people, giving the people supreme power. democracy
An ______________________was a person who wanted to end slavery in the United States. abolitionist
_____________________was an inventor, statesman, diplomat, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He was responsible for convincing Louis XVI of France to support America during the Revolution. Benjamin Franklin
A _____________________is a nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them. Republic
The __________________are the Legislative Branch (makes the laws), the Judicial Branch (interprets the law), and the Executive Branch (enforces the laws). Three Branches of Government
___________________was the 16th President of the United States who successfully put the Union back together only to be assassinated 5 days after the Civil War ended. Abraham Lincoln
_____________________is a system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them. Representative Government
___________________was the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Jefferson Davis
____________________was a staunch Federalist and the longest serving Chief Justice in Supreme Court history (1801-1835). He played a key role in the development of the American legal system. John Marshall
The _______________, signed in 1215 by King John, was the first document that limited power of the ruler. Magna Carta
____________________was a former slave who became the best-known black abolitionist in the country. Frederick Douglass
______________________wrote the Declaration of Independence; became the 3rd President of the United States; he also purchased the Louisiana territory, doubling the size of the United States. Thomas Jefferson
__________________was the author of the Monroe Doctrine, which shut down the western hemisphere to European expansion or interference. In return, the US agreed not to interfere in European affairs. James Monroe
_________________helped create the woman’s rights movement into a national organization. Susan B. Anthony
_________________________was the General of the Union Army and was responsible for winning the Civil War for the North. Ulysses S Grant
The ____________________was written in 1787. The Constitution of the United States sets out the ____________________________ of the government of the United States. Constitution of the U.S.; laws and principles
The _____________________ended the American Revolution and forced Britain to recognize the United States as an independent nation. Treaty of Paris 1783
____________________is the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation. Free Enterprise
________________________is a system in which each branch of government has its own powers. separation of powers
_________________________is an economic system based on private enterprise capitalism
Created by: Texans1