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APHUG Unit 3

QuestionAnswer
Acculturation Process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage
Assimilation Process of less dominant cultures losing their culture to a more dominant culture
Cultural core/periphery pattern The core-periphery idea that the core houses main economic power of region and the outlying region or periphery houses lesser economic ties
Cultural Ecology The geographic study of human environmental relationships
Cultural Identity Ones belief in belonging to a group or certain cultural aspect
Cultural Landscape The visible imprint of human activity on the landscape
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people’s distinct tradition
Formal (Uniform) An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional (Nodal) Region organized at a node or focal point
Vernacular (perceptual-regional self-awareness) A place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
Expansion Diffusion The spread of one feature from one place to another in a snowballing process Hierarchical Diffusion
Stimulus Diffusion The spread of an underlying principle when the characteristic fails to diffuse
Relocation Diffusion The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
Innovation Adoption Study of how why and at what rate new technology spreads throughout a culture
Maladaptive diffusion Diffusion of a process with negative side effects or What works well in one region may not in another
Sequence Occupancy Refers to such cultural succession and its lasting imprint proposed by Derwent Whittlesey
Religion the faithfulness to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual nature
Buddhism The third of the world’s major universalizing religions. It has 365 million adherents especially in China and Southeast Asia
Cargo Cult Pilgrimage Cargo Cult’s believe western goods have been traded to them by ancestral spirits. It takes place in Melanesia
Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament
Confucianism A Developed by earlier Chinese man Confucius, it’s a complex system of moral, social, political, and religious thought
Ethnic Religion A religion with a rather concentrated distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location where its adherents are located
Exclave/Enclave A enclave is a country or part of a country mostly surrounded by the territory of another country; an exclave is one which is geographically separated from the main part by surrounding alien territory
Fundamentalism Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion
Geomancy is a method of prediction that interprets markings on the ground, or how handfuls of dirt land when someone tosses them. The Arabic tradition consists of sketching sixteen random lines of dots in sand
Hajj The pilgrimage to Mecca for Islam followers. It’s the fifth of the five pillars
Hinduism Created in India, approximately one billion followers. Unlike other religions, heaven isn’t always the ultimate goal in life. Third largest in world behind Christianity and Islam
Interfaith boundaries the boundaries between the world's major faiths, such as Christianity, Muslim, and Buddhism. This isn’t the same as Intrafaith boundaries which describes the boundaries within a major region
Islam It means the submission to the will of god. Its a monotheistic religion originating with the teachings of Muhammad, a key religious figure. It is the second largest religion in the world
Jainism religion and philosophy originating in ancient India. Stresses spiritual independence and equality throughout all life
Judaism It is the religion of ancient Hebrews, said to be one of the first monotheistic faiths
Landscapes of the dead The certain areas where people have commonly been buried.
Monotheism/polytheism Monotheism this is the belief in one god and polytheism is the belief in many gods
Mormonism a term used to describe religious, ideological, and cultural aspects of the various denominations of the Latter Day Saints
Muslim pilgrimage If physically and financially able, a Muslim makes a pilgrimage to Makkah. (Mecca) They usually make the trip around Ramadan. This pilgrimage is also referred to as Hajj.
Muslim population It is the religion of 1.3 billion people in the world. It is the predominant religion of the Middle East from North Africa to Central Asia. Half of the world’s Muslims live in four countries outside the Middle East: Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and
Proselytic Religion Referred to as a Universalizing Religion, which is an attempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location. There are three religions that practice this they are Christianity, I
Reincarnation The idea of reincarnation is that after this life you will come back in another life either as a plant, animal, or a human life. So basically what you do in this life will affect what your next life is like
Religion (groups, places) One group is universalizing religions. These are Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. All of these have different branches. There’s also ethnic religions, such as, Hinduism, Daoism, and Confucianism.
Religious architectural styles These are the styles of architecture created by the religions. For example, Christians have always made temples, and Buddhists have always made a lot of religious statues
Religious Conflict this is the conflicts between religions. One of these is Israel-Palestine. This consists of Roman Takeovers, Muslim conquests, and the crusades
Religious Culture Hearth This is where most religions are born. Most major religions have come from the Middle East near Israel, but a few have come from India too
Religious toponym This refers to the origin and meaning of the names of religions
Sacred space Sacred space is the place where religious figures and congregations meet to perform religious ceremonies
Secularism This is the belief that humans should be based on facts and not religious beliefs
Shamanism This is the range of traditional beliefs and practices that claim the ability to cure, heal, and cause pain to people
Sharia law it is the legal framework within which public and some private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Muslim principles
Shintoism said to be the way of god. It is the native religion of Japan and was once its state religion. It involves the worship of kami (a god). Not very significant anymore and lost importance to today
Sikhism is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India . The principal belief in Sikhism is faith in Vāhigurū. Emphasizes faith in god
Created by: PaigeTokajer