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Unit #3

QuestionAnswer
Acculturation Process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage
Assimilation Process of less dominant cultures losing their culture to a more dominant culture
Cultural Adaptation Adjusting a translation based on the cultural enviornment of the target language
Cultural core/periphery pattern The core-periphery idea that the core houses main economic power of region and the outlying region or periphery houses lesser economic ties
Cultural Ecology The geographic study of human environmental relationships
Cultural Identity Ones belief in belonging to a group or certain cultural aspect
Cultural Landscape The visible imprint of human activity on the landscape
Cultural Realm Distinct traditions, beliefs, and social life brought or controlled by a dominion of a monarchy of a certain region
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people’s distinct tradition.
Formal (Uniform)Cultural Region An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Core Cultural Region Center of economic activity
Periphery Cultural Region Outlying region of economic activity
Functional (Nodal Region organized at a node or focal point
Vernacular (perceptual-regional self-awareness) A place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
Expansion Diffusion The spread of one feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
Hierarchical Diffusion The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
Contagious Diffusion The rapid widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population
Stimulus Diffusion The spread of an underlying principle when the characteristic fails to diffuse
Relocation Diffusion The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
Innovation Adoption Study of how why and at what rate new technology spreads throughout a culture
Maladaptive diffusion Diffusion of a process with negative side effects or What works well in one region may not in another
Sequence Occupancy Refers to such cultural succession and its lasting imprint proposed by Derwent Whittlesey
Religion the faithfulness to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual nature. This is important to HG because man wars have been fought over it.
Animism Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and life. This is important to Human Geography because a lot of cultures around the world believe in Animism.
Buddhism The third of the world’s major universalizing religions. It has 365 million adherents especially in China and Southeast Asia. It is important because a large percent of the earth’s population follow Buddhism beliefs.
Cargo Cult Pilgrimage Cargo Cult’s believe western goods have been traded to them by ancestral spirits. It takes place in Melanesia and is important go HG because it’s a big religious movement by a large number of people
Christianity - is a monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. It’s important to HG because it’s the most popular religion in the world.
Confucianism Developed by earlier Chinese man Confucius, it’s a complex system of moral, social, political, and religious thought. This is important to HG because it has affected Chinese Civilizations tremendously
Ethnic Religion A religion with a rather concentrated distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location where its adherents are located. most religions start off as a Ethnic Religion
Exclave/Enclave A enclave is a country or part of a country mostly surrounded by the territory of another country; an exclave is one which is geographically separated from the main part by surrounding alien territory. a lot of countries are within other countries
Fundamentalism Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion. This is important to HG because there are a lot of Fundamentalists in all religions
Geomancy a method of prediction that interprets markings on the ground, or how handfuls of dirt land when someone tosses them. The Arabic tradition consists of sketching sixteen random lines of dots in sand. most farmers use a form of Geomancy.
Hajj The pilgrimage to Mecca for Islam followers. It’s the fifth of the five pillars. It is important to HG because just about all Islam followers try the pilgrimage there.
Hinduism Created in India, approximately one billion followers. Unlike other religions, heaven isn’t always the ultimate goal in life. Third largest in world behind Christianity and Islam. a large number of people follow the religion.
Interfaith boundaries the boundaries between the world's major faiths, such as Christianity, Muslim, and Buddhism. This isn’t the same as Intrafaith boundaries which describes the boundaries within a major religion.
Islam It means the submission to the will of god. Its a monotheistic religion originating with the teachings of Muhammad, a key religious figure. It is the second largest religion in the world
Jainism It is the religion of ancient Hebrews, said to be one of the first monotheistic faiths. This is important to HG because many other religions have been based off it.
Landscapes of the dead The certain areas where people have commonly been buried. This is important to HG because it has always been important where people are buried.
Monotheism/polytheism Monotheism this is the belief in one god and polytheism is the belief in many gods. This affects HG because many religions spread throughout the world fall under these two categories
Mormonism a term used to describe religious, ideological, and cultural aspects of the various denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement. It is important because a lot of people around the world practice Mormonism.
Muslim pilgrimage If physically and financially able, a Muslim makes a pilgrimage to Makkah. (Mecca) They usually make the trip around Ramadan. This pilgrimage is also referred to as Hajj.
Muslim population It is the religion of 1.3 billion people in the world. It is the predominant religion of the Middle East from North Africa to Central Asia. Half of the world’s Muslims live in four countries outside the Middle East.
Proselytic Religion Referred to as a Universalizing Religion, which is an attempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location. 3 religions that practice this are Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism
Reincarnation The idea of reincarnation is that after this life you will come back in another life either as a plant, animal, or a human life. So basically what you do in this life will affect what your next life is like. Commonly practiced by Buddhists and Hindus
Religion (groups, places) One group is universalizing religions. These are Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. All of these have different branches. There’s also ethnic religions, such as, Hinduism, Daoism, and Confucianism.
Religious architectural styles These are the styles of architecture created by the religions. For example, Christians have always made temples, and Buddhists have always made a lot of religious statues
Religious Conflict this is the conflicts between religions. One of these is Israel-Palestine. This consists of Roman Takeovers, Muslim conquests, and the crusades. This affects HG because there has been a lot of bloodshed over Religious Conflict.
Religious Culture Hearth This is where most religions are born. Most major religions have come from the Middle East near Israel, but a few have come from India too. This is important to HG because where religions are created, civilizations are too.
Religious toponym This refers to the origin and meaning of the names of religions. This is important to HG because many names mean significant things including beliefs of cultures
Sacred space Sacred space is the place where religious figures and congregations meet to perform religious ceremonies. This is important to HG because a lot of history has taken place at sacred spaces.
Secularism This is the belief that humans should be based on facts and not religious beliefs. This is important to HG because this has caused conflicts in a lot of different places including politics.
Shamanism This is the range of traditional beliefs and practices that claim the ability to cure, heal, and cause pain to people. This is important to HG because it is thought as good and bad.
Sharia law - it is the legal framework within which public and some private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Muslim principles. This is important to HG because it affects many people around Muslims around the world.
Shintoism said to be the way of god. It is the native religion of Japan and was once its state religion. It involves the worship of kami (a god). Not very significant anymore and lost importance to today
Sikhism is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India . The principal belief in Sikhism is faith in Vāhigurū. Emphasizes faith in god. This is important to HG because its another minor religion in India that affects a lot of people.
Created by: kmorello