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Ch4 NativeAmericans

Test review material for Chapter 4 Native Americans of North America

QuestionAnswer
technology design and use of tools, ideas, and ways to solve problems
Sitka a city in the Tlingit homeland located in Alaska
Tlingit a tribe that lived in the Northwestern section of N. America built totem poles and held potlatches
totem poles tall logs carved with designs of animals They were built to honor family members or new chiefs
potlatch is a special feast or party at which the guests received gifts. They maybe held to honor a chief or to celebrate a wedding
salmon run an important event in the life of the Tlingit The Tlingit still use this to get much of their food for the year.
Hopi Navaho Apache and Zuni native tribes of the Southwest
pueblo Hopi lived in these apartment style houses made from adobe clay Means "village" in Spanish
Old Oraibi Hopi pueblo is one of the oldest settlements in North America
Dry farming growing crops where there is little water
adobe a type of clay used to build in the southwest
Kachinas spirits who can visit Hopi villages for half a year. They bring rains and help crops grow
Crow Mother the most important of all Kachinas
Nampeyo an important artist to the Hopi. She revived Hopi art styles.
lodges some plains Native Americans lived in these houses covered with grasses and sticks
teepee a cone shaped tent made of animal skins usually buffalo
travois a sled like device used for carrying people and belongings they were also used for carrying buffalo home after a hunt
horse introduced to the plains indians by the Spanish led to the Lakota Sioux relying on hunting buffalo and moving from one campsite to another
Lakota Sioux als0 known as the Dakota tribe lived in northern part of the Great Plains
Black Hills home to the Lakota Sioux of South Dakota
coup stick a special weapon used by the Sioux to touch the enemy without killing them
jerky dried buffalo meat that can be eaten through the winter
winter count Lakota Sioux way of keeping track of time Painted these records on buffalo hides
longhouse long buildings made of poles covered with bark. Several families may live in these
Iroquois Confederacy About 1570 five seperate tribes joined together Mohawk and Seneca were two of these tribes
Deganawida and Hiawatha two leaders of the Iroquois who developed rules for the Iroquois to follow
Hodenosaunee Trail A winding path that connected the five major tribes of the Iroquois it ran 250 miles
compromise the settling of disputes by agreeing that each side will give up something
clans a group of families sharing a common ancestor
wampum was small polished beads that were made from shells it was used to trade for goods by thr Iroquois
Created by: 69boners69