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History Exam vocab

Vocabulary Words for History Exam 2nd mp, 12,12

QuestionAnswer
Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America.
Declaration of Independence a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies regarded their selfs as independent states.
Articles of Confederation was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.
Mercantilism The theory that colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country
Stamp Act a tax by the British Parliament on the colonies of British America, that required printed materials be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp.
Intolerable Acts a series of laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 relating to Britain's colonies in North America.
Quartering Act ordered local governments of the American colonies to provide a place to stay for British Troops.
The Sons of Liberty was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take to the streets against taxes.
Taxation without representation When a population taxed without being directly represented in the body which is doing the taxing.
Boston Tea Party A protest in Boston when ships were stormed in the harbor and their cargo of tea was dumped into the water.
Boston Masacre an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers killed five civilian men and injured six others.
Militia A volunteer fighting force that was largely untrained and local.
Red Coat A British Soldier.
Loyalist A North American Colonial who remained 'loyal' to the crown and parlement during the war of the revolution
Patriot A supporter of independence
Hessian A mercenary hired from germany by King George from one of multiple German Princes to fight in the American War of the Revolution.
Regular A 'ful time' soldier in the colonial army
War Hawks Those advocating and even enflaming a case for going to war.
Monroe Doctrine
French and Indian/ Seven Years War War fought between France, Brittan, and their respective allies over colonies.
Luisiana Purchase The Purchase of a large Territory encompassing present day Luisiana from France by the United States under the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson.
Missouri Compromise It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30′ north except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri.
War of 1812 War fought between the United States and Britain over several issues including impressment and contested territory.
War of the Revolution War fought for independence of the United States from Britain
Battle of New Orleans Battle Fought durring the War of 1812 in and around the City of New Orleans
Navigation Act The English Navigation Acts were a series of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England (after 1707 Great Britain) and its colonies, a process which had started in 1651
Thomas Jefferson President of the United States, Founding farther
Alexander Hamilton Secretary of the Treasury, WarHawk, Aide de Camp of George Washington
Treaty of Ghent Treaty that ended the War of 1812
Napoleon Bonaparte Emperor of France
Thomas Paine Writer of common sense.
Common Sense Pamphlet arguing for independence written by Thomas Paine.
Ben Franklin Founding Father, Ambassador, inventor, writter
Bill of Rights First ten Amendments to the constitution
Francis Scott Key Writer of the Star Spangeld Banner
Fort McHenry Fort Guarding Baltimore harbor
Star Spangled Banner National Anthem
Andrew Jackson President of the United States, General, Hero of New Orleans
Nationalism Feeling of country wide unity and identity as one.
Kansas-Nebraska Act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.
Bleeding Kansas Miniature civil war that occurred in Kansas over the question of slavery.
Harper's Ferry Town in Virginia, weapons and ammunition storage facility in the early to mid 1800's
13th Amendment Abolished Slavery throughout the entire country
14th Amendment Its Citizenship Clause provides a broad definition of citizenship that overruled the Supreme Court's ruling in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) that had held that black people could not be citizens of the United States
15th Amendment prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude" (for example, slavery). It was ratified on February 3, 1870.
Cotton Plant used to make clothing.
Slavery The institution in which persons were held in bondage and forcibly made to work without pay.
Abolitionist One who was part of a movement to end slavery
Compromise of 1850 a package of five bills, passed in 1850, which defused a four-year confrontation between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War (1846–1848).
Jamestown Founded in 1607, it was the first permanent english settlement in north america and it served and Virginia Colony's Capital for 83 years
Mexican-American War War fought between Mexico and America in the 1800's
Annexation of Texas Bringing Texas into the US as a state
Albany Plan A plan drawn up at the Albany Congress authored by Benjamin Franklin that would have created a unified colonial government and a solid platform from which to launch a defense in the french and indian war.
Hatford Convention A meeting of new england federalists 1814-1815 where grievances were discussed and the possibility of succession was discussed.
Whiskey Rebellion A rebellion in much of the at that time "frontier" over new taxes being imposed on whiskey.
Shay's Rebellion A rebellion in the northern bit of the colonies lead by a debter farmer and revolutionary war veteran.
Continental Congress The single housed legislative government which governed The United States in the beginning.
Manifest destiny The Belief that America Should one day stretch coast to coast and that it is "ment to be".
Electoral College Collection of electors that chose the president.
Uncle Tom's Cabin A book written before the civil war about slavery that caused quite an uproar in the south.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Abolitionist, Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
Fugitive Slave Act Act of Congress requiring that runaway slaves caught in a free state still be returned to the south.
John Brown Extremist Abolitionist from Kansas who attempted to start a slave rebellion beginning at Harper's Ferry.
Jay's Treaty Treaty between the united states and britain in 1794 credited with averting war and fostering years of peaceful trade amid the french revolution.
Trail of Tears The trail of indians being forcefully marched to reservations west of the Mississippi as part of the indian removal act.
Created by: 1346645323