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History Boland


latitude distance north or south of the equator
longitude distance east or west of the prime meridian
prehistory period of time before writing was invented
archeology study of the lives of early people through examination of their remains
technology tools and skills people used to meet their basic needs
artifact object made by a human being
historian person who studies how people lived in the past through written records
geography study of the people their enviroments and their recources
equator an invisible line that separates the Northern and southern hemisphere
prime meridian line that separates the eastern and western hemispheres
nomad person who moves from place to placein search of food
pharaoh titles of rulers in ancient egypt
tyrant in ancient Greece, a ruler who gained power by force
artisan skilled craftsworker
scribe in ancient civilizations, specially trained person who knew how to read and write
Democracy government in which the people hold ruling power
Direct Democracy system of government in which citizens participate directly rather then through elected representatives
Bureacracy system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
Feudalism closely organized system of government in which local lords own the land and the people work it
Patriarchy the highest church official in a major city
Oligarchy system of government in which ruling power belongs to business class
dynasty ruling family in China
hierarchy government with a system of ranks
aristocracy government headed by a priviledged minority or upper class
Code of Hammurabi a code of harsh laws set down by Hammurabi
The Ten Commandments a christian code of guidelines
Bhagavad-Gita a story from India about detaching yourself from personal desire
Four Noble Truths -life has suffering,pain and sorrow-cause is materialistic things-overcome desire-follow eightfold path
monarchy government in which a king or queen holds ruling power
Polis city-state in ancient Greece
Acropolis hilltop fortress of an ancient Greek city state
city-state political unit made up of a city and the surrounding land
empire groups of states or territories controlled by one ruler
ziggurat pyramid temple dedicated to the cheif god or goddess of an ancient Sumarian city-state
rajah elected chief of an Ayran tribe in Ancient India
dharma in Hinduisim individuals religiousand moral duties
shiva Hindu god the destroyer
caste unchangable social group into which a person is born
brahman Aryan belief-the single spiritual power that resides in all things
Dynastic cycle rise and fallof Chinese dynasties accordingto the Mandate of Heaven
Mummification practice of preservingthe bodies of the dead
reincarnation in Hinduism, belief in the rebirth of the soul in another bodily form
Circus Maximus Rome's largest racecourse where chariots raced
breads and circuses a program where grain and circuses made up for government taxes
nirvana in Buddism, union with the universe and release from rebirth
karma in Hindu belief all the actions that affect a person's next life
yin & yang a balance of two forces - one light , one dark
covenant binding agreement
subcontinent a large landmass that juts out from a continent
monsoon seasonal wind
glacier thick sheet of ice that covers part of the earths surface during the ice age
Hellenistic Culture Elaborate art and schools of philosophy
strait narrow water passage connecting two bodies of water
cultural diffusion the spread of ideas customs, and technologies from one people to another
New/Neolithic Age the period of time when nomads settled down
Old/Paleolithic Stone age the time period where people were nomads
sanscrit language of writing developed by the Indians
legislature lawmaking body
senate a group of senators who represent the people
Hierogyphics Form of picture writings that was developed by the ancient Egyptians
cuneiform wedged shaped writing of the Sumarians
Alphabet letters developed by the Phoenicians
Monotheism belief in only one god
Polytheism belief in two or more gods
Skara Brae 5,000 year old village (neolithic age)
Knossos a city in Crete
Sumarians first civilization on the fertile cresent
Phoenicians the first civilization to invent the alphabet
Hitties first to use ironmaking
Babylonians They pushed the fontiers of learning through Neb.
Parthenon most famous temple in Greece
Minoans Small civilization on Crete
Myceneans First civilization in Greece
Lydians They made the coin
Mohammad Founder of the Islamic Religion
Abraham The founder of the Christian Religion
Confucius influential philosopher in China
Zeus the most powerful Greek God
Dorians conquered Greece
Aristotle Greek philosopher who taught Plato - studied best government
Plato emphasized importance of reason and divided society into 3 classes
Hippocrates a scientist who started the study of medicine
Pythagoras Mathematian who invented the Pythagory Theorm
King Philip conquered Greece single handedly
Alexander the Great a great conquerer in Greece and invented the Hellenistic
Pericles a ruler in Greece who brought an artistic age
Hammurabi a strict ruler who published a code of laws
Archimedes the most famous Hellenistic scientist who made practical inventions
Homer Blind poet credited with writing the Illiad and the Odessey
Salon informal gathering where writers artists philosophers exange ideas
Trojan War a war between Greece and Troy
Peloponnesian War a war between Athens & the allies Sparta and Persia
Persian War a war between Athens & Persia
Punic War a series of 3 wars between Rome & Carthage
Buddism a religion based on trying to find enlightenment
Christianity a monotheistic, religion who believes in eternal life
Judaism a monotheistic, religion that is like christianty but only believes in the first testament
Hinduism polytheistic religion, center of teachings non-violence
Islam they believed in the 5 pillers
Daoism a religion that focuses on harmony with nature
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