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Const. Ratification

Constitution Ratification ch 7;3

A government in which citizens rule through elected representatives Republic
What role did George WAshington play at the Constitutional Convention? Presiding Officer
A system of government where power is shared between states and the national government Federal System (federalism)
What is the supreme law of the land? The Constitution
What keeps one branch of government from gaining too much power? checks and balances
WHo were the people that supported the new Constitution and the increased power of the National government? The Federalists, such as Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
A book of essays, written anonymously, arguing for the need of a stronger central government are called? The Federalist Papers
What European movement produced thinkers such as John Locke and the Baron de Montesquieu? The Enlightenment
What thinker said that all humans are born with natural rights, and the purpose of the government is to protect those rights? John Locke
Congress passes laws. Who has the power to VETO, or reject, those laws? The President (Executive)
Who appoints Supreme Court judges? The President
Who must approve the President's choice for Supreme Court? Congress
As a check over the President, how long is the term for a Supreme Court justice? for life, freeing them from political control by the president
What did the Antifederalists fear? That the rights of the people would be taken away by the powerful government
What did the Antifederalists demand in order to ratify the Constitution? A Bill of Rights
What English document of 1215 began the principle of "limited government?" The Magna Carta
What English document of 1689 further limited the power of the monarch and reinforced basic rights? The English Bill of Rights
What indirect method is used to elect the President? The Electoral College
What is a change to the Constitution called? An amendment
What year was the Constitution written? 1787
Dividing the power of the government into 3 branches in order to avoid a concentration of power is known as what? Separation of powers
1st Amendment freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly and petition
2nd amendment right to bear arms
3rd amendment right not to house soldiers in our homes
4th amendment righ to private property (no illegal searches and seizures)
5th Amendment right not to testify against yourself, and right to due process before your rights can be taken away
6th amendment right to a fair and speedy trial
7th amendment right to have jury trial if you sue someone
8th amendment no cruel and unusual punishment, no excessive bail
9th amendment these are not your only rights (fear of Federalists that one day a leader may try to limit your rights to those)
10th amendment Powers not given to the national government, or denied to the states, are reserved for the states (states rights)
Under the ARticles of Confederation, where did the power lay? With the states
The Supreme Court hears cases involving the Constitution. What can the Supreme Court do if Congress passes a law that violates the Constitution? Judicial Review: they can declare the law unconstitutional
Which branch of government has the power to tax, declare war and make laws? Congress (Legislative Branch)
Created by: davislauren