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Vocab Chapt 6

QuestionAnswer
Judiciary act of 1789 a law that established the federal court system and the number of suprem Court justices and that provided for the appeal state court decisions to the federal court.
Alexander Hamilton secretary of the treasury, chosen by Washington.
Cabinet the group of department heaads who served as the president's chief advisers.
Bank of the united states either of the two national banks, funded by the federal government and private investors, established by Congress, the first in 1791 and the second in 1816.
Democratic-republicans political party known for its support of strong states governments, funded by Thomas Jefferson in 1792 in opposition to the Federalist Party.
two-party system political system dominated by two major parties.
protective tariff tax on import goods that is intended to protect a nation's buisness from foreign competition.
excise tax tax on the production, sale, or consumption of goods produced within a country
neutrality a refusal to take part in a war between other nations.
Edmond Genet young french diplomat sent to win American support.
Thomas Pincknley U.S. minister to Great Britain.
Little Turtle chieftain of the Miami tribe (native american)
John Jay the chief justice of the Suprem Court.
sectionalism the placing of the interests of one's own religion ahead of the interests of the nation as a whole.
XYZ Affair a 1797 incident in which French officials demanded a bribe from U.S diplomats.
Alien and Sedition Acts series of four laws enacted in 1798 to reduce the political power of recent immigrants to the United States.
nullification a state's refusal to recognize an act of Congress that it considers unconstitutional.
Aron Burr Jefferson's running mate in the electoral collage
John Marshall a staunch Federalist, chief of the Suprem Court
Judicaiary Act of 1801 law that increased the number of federal judges, allowing President Jonh Adams to fill most of the new posts with Federalists.
midnight judges one of the judges appointed by John Adams in the last hours of his administration.
Marbury v. Madison an 1803 case in which the Suprem Court ruled that it had the power to abolish legislative acts by declaring them unconstitutional; this power came to be known as judicial review.
judicial review the Suprem Court's power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
Louisiana Puchases purchase by the United States of France's Louisiana Territory.
Sacajawea a Native American woman who served as interpreter and guide
blockade the use of ships or troops to prevent movement into and out of a port or region controlled by hostile nation.
impressement the forcible seizure of men for military service.
William Henry Harrison the governor of the Indiana Territory.
Tecumseh the Shawnee chief
war hawks one of the members of Congress who favored war with Britain.
Andrew Jackson general from Tennessee who won a series of battles that gained his national fame.
Treaty of Ghent the 1814 treaty that ended the War of 1812.
armistice a truce, or agreement to end an armed conflict.
embargo a government b+an on trade with one or more other nations.
Lewis and Clark expedititon commissioned by president Jefferson to explore the West.
Created by: Chloe01