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Dr. J

U.S. history

QuestionAnswer
Judiciary Act of 1789 a law that established the federal court system
Cabinet the group of department heads who serve as he presidents chief advisers
Bank of the United States the federal Government and private investors, established by congress, the first in 1791 and the second in 1816
Democratic- Republicans Political party know for its support of strong state governments, founded by Thomas Jefferson in 1792 in opposition to the federalist party.
two-party system a political system dominated by two major parties.
protective tariff a tax on imported goods that is intended to protect a nations businesses for, foreign competition
excise tax a tax o n the production, sale, or consumption of good produced within a country
neutrality a refusal to take part in a war between other nations
sectionalism the placing of the inertness of ones own region ahead of the inertness of the nation as a whole.
xyz affairs a 1797 incident in which french officials demand bribe from u.s diplomats.
allen and sedition acts a series of four laws enacted in 1798 to reduce the political power of resent immigrants to the united states.
nullification a states refusal to recognize an act of congress that is considers unconstitutional
Judiciary Act of 1801 a law that increased the number of federal judges. allowing president jhon Adams to fill most of the new posts with federalists
midnight judges one of the judges appointed by John Adams in the last hours of his administration
Marbury V. Madison an 1803 casein witch the supreme court ruled that it had the power to abolish legislative acts by declaring them unconstitutional
Judicial review the supreme courts power to declare an act of congress unconstitutional
Louisiana purchase the 1803 purchase by the united states of Frances Louisiana territory- extending from the Mississippi River to the Rocky mountains - for 15millon.
blockade the use of ships or troops to prevent movement into and out of a part or region controlled by a hostile nation.
impressment the forcible seizure of men for military service
embargo a government ban on trade with one or more other nations
war hawk one of the members of Congress who favored war with Britain in the early years of the 19th Century
Treaty of Ghent the 18914 treaty that ended the war of 1812
armistice a truce, or agreement to end a armed conflict
Created by: Corbinn