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HistoryVocabCh6

HISTORY.

QuestionAnswer
Judiciary Act of 1789 A law that established the federal court system and the number of Supreme Court justices and provided for for the appeal of certain state court decisions to the federal courts.
Cabinet The group of department heads who serve as the presidents chief advisers
Bank of the United States Either of the two national banks, funded by the national government and private investors, established by the Congress in 1791
Democratic- Republicans Thomas Jefferson's political party that supported the strong state governmentts
Two Party System A political system dominated by two major parties
Protective Tariff a tax on imported goods that is intended to protest the nation's businesses from foreign competition
Excise tax tax on the production, sale, or consumption of goods produced within a country
Neutrality A refusal to to take part in a war between other nations
sectionalism the placing of the personal interests of ones own region ahead of the nations interests as a wole
XYZ Affair An incident in witch french officials demanded a bribe from US diplomats
Alien and Sedition Acts A series of four laws enacted to reduce the political power of recent immigrants to the US
Nullification A states refusal to recognize an act of Congress that is considered unconstitutional
Judiciary Act of 1801 A law that established the federal court systems and the number of Supreme Court justices and that provided for the appeal of certain state court decisions to the federal courts
Midnight Judges One of the last judges appointed by John Adams in his last hours of administration
Judicial Review The supreme courts power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
Louisiana Purchase The US bought Frances territory witch ranged from the Mississippi River to the Rockies.
Blockade impressment Use of ships or troops to prevent movement into and out of a port or region controlled by q hostile nation.
Embargo Government ban on trade with one or more nations.
War Hawk one of the members of Congress who favored war with Britain
Treaty of Ghent Treaty that ended the war of 1812
Armistice A truce or agreement to end an armed conflict