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Casey ch. 6 vocab

US History chapter 6 vocabulary

Judiciary Act of 1789 law that established the federal court system and the number of Supreme Court justices
Cabinet group of department heads that serve as the president's chief advisors
Bank of the United States either of the two national banks funded by the federal government and private investors
Democratic-Republicans political party known for its support of strong state governments founded by Thomas Jefferson
two-party system political system dominated by two major parties
protective tariff tax on imported goods that is intended to protect a nation's businesses from foreign competition
excise tax tax on the production, sale, or consumption of goods produced within a country
neutrality refusal to take part in a war between other nations
sectionalism the placing of the interests of one's own religion ahead of the interests of the nation as a whole
XYZ Affair incident in which French officials demanded a bribe form U.S. diplomats
Alien and sedition Acts series of four laws enacted by 1798 to reduce the political power of recent immigrants to the United States
Nullification State's refusal to recognize an act of congress it considers unconstitutional
Judiciary Act of 1801 law that increased the number of federal judges
midnight Judges Judges appointed by John Adams in the last hours of his administration
Marbury v. Madison case in which Supreme Court ruled that it had power to abolish legislative acts by declaring them unconstitutional
judicial review Supreme Court's power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
Lousiana Purchase the 1803 purchase by the United States of France's Louisiana Territory
blockade use of ships or troops to prevent movement into and out of a port or region controlled by hostile nation
impressment forcible seizure of men for military service
embargo government ban on trade with one or more nations
war hawk one of the members of contress who favored war with Britian in the early years of the 19th century
Treaty of Ghent 1814 treaty that ended the war of 1812
armistice truce or agreement to end an armed conflict
Created by: casey4