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NWHSU Mash GA1Q4 Mus

NWHSU Mash GA1Q4 Muscle

QuestionAnswer
Give action of the transversospinalis muscles. Extends column, rotates body (spinal column) to the opposite side
Give two actions of the suboccipital mm. Extension of the neck and Rotation of head to face the same direction.
Erector Spinae muscle which originates off TPs of upper thoracic, articular processes of lower cervical vertebrae and inserts on the mastoid process Longissimus Capitis
Erector Spinae m. which originates off iliac crest, sacrum and thoracolumbar fascia and inserts into angles of lower ribs. Iliocostalis Lumborum
Besides drawing the head posteriorily, give 2 actions of the Splenius Capitis. 1. Rotate the head to the same side 2. Bends the head laterally
Erector Spinae m. which inserts into the mastoid process. (be specific) Longissimus Capitis
Erector Spinae m. which originates from the upper ribs and inserts into the TP's of mid-cervical vertebrae. (be specific) Iliocostalis Cervicis
Erector Spinae m. which originates off the lower ribs and inserts into the angles of the upper ribs and TP of C7. Iliocostalis Thoracis
Erector Spinae m. which originates off the sacrum, illiac crest and thoracolumbar fascia and inserts into lower 10 ribs and TP's off lumbar and thoracic vertebrae Logissimus Thoracis
Erector Spinae m. which originates off the spines of lower thoracic and upper lumbar vertebrae and inserts into the spines of upper thoracic vertebrae. (be specific) Spinalus thoracis
Erector Spinae m. which originates off TP's of upper thoracic vertebrae and inserts of TP's of cervical (up to C2 not including C1) Longissimus Cervicis
Insertion of the middle/medial scalene m. 1st Rib
Insertion of the POSTERIOR scalene muscle? 2nd Rib
Intrinsic back muscle which originates off the TP of a vertebra and inserts into the spine of one or two vertebrae above. Rotators (Short and Long)
Muscle best developed in cervical region, also present in lumbar region - absent in most of the thoracic; extends vertebral column and bends column toward same side. Intertransversarii
Muscle best developed in cervical region, also present in lumbar region. Absent in most of the thoracic area; act to extend the vertebral column, but does not bend it laterally? Interspinalis
Muscle found throughout the length of the vertebral column; it arises from the TPs and inserts into the SP's of TWO to FIVE segments above the origin. Multifidus
Muscle immediately deep (anterior) to upper trapezius; it has attachments to the skull and rotates the face to the same side. Splenius Capitis
Muscle of mastication which originates in part from the tuberosity of the maxilla? Medial Ptergoid
Muscle originating off SP's of upper thoracic vertebrae (T3-T6) and inserting on TP's of Upper cervical (C1-3). Splenius Cervicis
Muscle originating off the ligamentum nuchae and SP's of upper thoracic (T1-3) and inserting on the mastoid process of the adjacent occipital bone. Splenious Capitis
Muscle that depresses hyoid bone and elevates larynx. Thyrohyoid m.
Muscle that depresses, retracts and steadies the hyoid bone. Omohyoid m.
Muscle that elevates hyoid bone, floor of the mouth, and tongue during swallowing and speaking. Mylohyoid m.
Muscle that lies immediately posterior to most of the suboccipital muscles. Semispinalis Capitis
Muscle that originates from the inferior mental spine. Geniohyoid
Muscle that originates from the TP's of vertebrae and inserts into SP's of vertebrae ONE segment above origin. Short Rotators or Rotatores brevis
Muscle that pulls hyoid bone anterosuperiorly, shortens floor of mouth and widens pharynx. Geniohyoid
Muscle which originates off the SP of axis and inserts on the TP of the atlas. Obliquus Capitis Inferior
Suboccipital m. that originates off the posterior tubercle of the ATLAS and inserts into the medial part of the occipital bone. Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor
Suboccipital m. which originates from the SP of the axis and inserts into area near the inferior nuchal line. Rectus Capitis Posterior Major
This SPECIFIC muscle is now considered part of semispinalis capitis. Spinalis Capitis
Created by: AnatomyMash