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Unit 3 vocab

Tariff a tax on imports and exports
section (sectional) different sections of politics; local or regional
Missouri Compromise Missouri was admitted as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and slavery was prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase north of latitude 36°30′N
compromise of 1850 an attempt to give both sides something. Admitted California as a free state but let other new states decide for themselves
Fugitive Slave Act allowed slave owners to capture and claim slaves that had escaped to the North
Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854 the Kansas-Nebraska Act was devised as a compromise. It was hoped it would reduce tensions and perhaps provide a solution to the slavery issue but failed and caused more tension.
Popular sovereignty people living in a territory or state should be able to decide whether or not they want slavery
Nullify to deprive
Turners Rebellion slave owner became more strict and harsh on their slaves
Abolitionist Movement a movement to end slavery
Seneca Falls Convention a women's rights convention held at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848, organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton
suffrage the right to vote
Dred Scott v. Sanford It determined slaves were not citizens of either their state of residence or the US, and therefore couldn't bring suit against their "owners" in court. According to Chief Justice Roger Taney, slaves were property, not humans.
Fort Sumter a fort in SE South Carolina, in the harbor of Charleston: its bombardment by the Confederates opened the Civil War on April 12, 1861.
Secede to make a formal withdrawal of membership
Emancipation Proclamation the proclamation issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freeing the slaves in those territories still in rebellion against the Union.
Gettysburg Address A speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. Lincoln was speaking at the dedication of a soldiers' cemetery at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
Reconstruction the process by which the states that had seceded were reorganized as part of the Union after the Civil War
Radical Republicans The Radical Republicans who supported equal rights for the Freedman (former slaves) and opposed President Lincoln's plans for re-uniting the United States. They held power in Congress until the the Democrats won majority in 1874.
13th Amendment made slavery illegal
14th Amendment gave African Americans the right to be citizens
15th Amendment no American can be denied the right to vote
Compromise 1877 unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, and ended Reconstruction in the South
Transcontinental Railroad The first railroad to go across the United States
Confederate States of America the group of 11 Southern states that seceded from the United States in 1860–61
Created by: kclocher