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War in the West

Explain the conflict between settlers and Native Americans. Native Amer-hunting grounds and way of life threatened; buffalo killed; forced by Amer. government to give up their land and move to reservations
reservation area of land where Native Americans were forced to move by the American government
Explain why the U.S. government supported the settlers over the Native Americans. Westward Expansion = more railroad lines; farms and ranches; transport of goods; people creating new towns = money
Black Hills location on the Great Lakota Reservation where gold was found in 1874
Sitting Bull Leader of the Lakota Nation who refused to sell his tribe's land back to the U.S. government once gold was found; eventually escaped to Canada
Colonel George Custer led the 7th Cavalry into battle against the Lakota and Cheyenne Native Americans
Crazy Horse young Lakota war leader who fought and defeated Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn
Battle of Little Bighorn AKA "Custer's Last Stand"; huge victory for the Native Americans but it also meant the end of their freedom on the Great Plains
How did the US government react to the Battle of Little Bighorn? By 1877 Native Americans on the Great Plains were forced onto reservations
Chief Joseph Leader of the Nez Perce who escaped capture for 3 months then was lied to by General Miles and forced onto a reservation in Oklahoma
Possible reasons why Chief Joseph surrendered to General Miles: 1. they were promised safe return to Oregon; 2. many of his warriors had been killed in battle; 3. his people were suffering; 4. he was tired of fighting
Geronimo Apache leader who was forced to surrender in 1886
Battle at Wounded Knee 1890 last major battle between the US forces and Native Americans
Created by: eevangel