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Early Human history
|Human history in the period before recorded events, know mainly through study/research
|The branch of knowledge dealing with past events. Recorded history after invention of writing
|A community's cultural and historical traditions passed down by word of mouth or without written instruction
|The new stone age; marked by domestication of animals the development of writing, stone, metal tools
|A systematic, scientific approach to investigate and analyze physical evidence to solve a crime or answer to a scientific question. (EX: CSI or Bones)
|The application of a combination of archaeological techniques and forensic science, typically in law enforcement
|Radio Carbon Dating
|The determination of the age of objects of organic origin by measurements of the radio activity of their carbon content
|of or pertaining to a Paleo-Indian cultural tradition of North America, esp. the American Southwest
|Random changes in the frequency of alleles in a gene pool, usually of small populations (DNA)
|The scientific study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments and other remains
|An institution in Washington, D.C., founded in 1846 with a grant left by James Smithson
|Native American Graves and preservations and repatriation act; law that requires that all ancient skeletons on grave sites be considered Native American remains
|Anthropology of, pertaining to, or characteristic of one of the traditional racial divisions of humankind, marked by fair to dark skin, straight to curly hair etc.
|the process or act of migrating; movement by humans, animals, birds etc.
|a people or tribe that has no permanent home but moves about from place to place, usually seasonally and often following a traditional route according to the state of food supply
|to convert (animals, plants etc.) to domestic uses; tame
|bearing, producing, or capable of producing vegetation, crops etc. "fertile soil"
|Spear or dart thrower made from wood or bone that acts as an extension of the human arm allowing the projectile to be thrown with more force
|Fossils of early humans found in Neanderthal, Germany who lived in Western Europe, Western Asia etc.
|Homo Sapiens Sapiens
|Meaning wise mane or the first modern humans. The first anatomically modern humans emerged around 100,000 years ago part of the second migration out of East Asia. Smarter than Neanderthals
|Walks upright on two legs, not on all fours
|Bering Land Bridge
|land connecting Alaska (N. America) and Siberia (Asia) that was exposed during the last Ice Age when sea levels were much lower due to massive glaciers
|A huge, slow moving mass of ice and snow that retain vast amount of water, and slowly grind and shape the land surface beneath. The north American glacier is believed to have been over 2 miles thick
|There have been 11 ice ages in Earth's 4.6 billion year history. Last ice age was 11,000 years ago. All the continents were mostly covered by extensive glaciers
|meaning southern ape; this early hominid discovered in South Africa combined walked upright and combined features of both apes and man (known as Lucy, 3'6 tall with hand and feet like apes - 3 million years old
|discovered in Ethiopia, East Africa, (Ardi) was small brained and shows an unexpected mix of advanced characteristics. She walked upright on the ground, but used four limbs to swing on trees. 4.4 million years old
|Hominids discovered in Siberia who lived about 40,000 years ago and based on DNA tests, appear to have been interbred with modern humans (cro-magnon)
|Latin for the family of man
|Meaning "upright man" ; also known as Java Man
|Meaning handy man, so named by Louis Leakey because of the stone tools found near the skeletal remains
|Before the common era; used in place of B.C.
|Anno Dominum (Latin for "in the year of our lord")
|Common Era; used in place of A.D.
|A period of 10 years
|A period of 100 years
|A period of 1,000 years
|A historical period distinguished by certain important or significant happenings (ex: the modern era)
|British archaeologist who discovered Homo Habilis in East Africa
|Physical characteristics or traits of the human skull, such as height, width of cheek bones, shape of eye sockets, chin shape etc.
|Meaning old stone age
|Name given to the skeletal remains of a prehistoric man found along the Columbia River in 1996. Bones carbon dated to 9,000 years old.
|Type of mineral that could be fashioned into spear points, arrow heads and knives commonly used by Neolithic hunter gatherers through a process called Flint Napping. Also can start fires. Flint is hard.
|early nomadic humans who migrated following their food supply (animal herds, fish, fruits, berries, nuts, roots etc.)
|Shiny black sedimentary rock also used to make weapons and cutting tools by Neolithic hunter gatherers