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Chapter 15


common law a system of law based on precedent and costom
precedent a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case
statute a law written by the legislative branch
plaintiff a person or party filling a lawsuit
defendant an individual or group being sued or charged with a crime
felony a serious crime such as murder, rape, kidnapping, or robbery
misdemeanor a relively minor offence such as vandilism or stealing inexpensive item
larceny the unlawful taking away of another perons property witht he intent never to return it
robbery the taking of property from a persons posession by using force or threats
burglary unlawful entry into any dwelling or structure
lawsuit legal action in which a person or group sues to collect damage for some harm that has been done
tort wrongful acts for which an injured party has the right to sue
libel written untruths that are harmful to somones reputation
constitutional law branch of law dealing with fromation, construction, and interpretation
stare decisis the practice of using earlier judicial ruling as a basis for deciding cases
writ of habeas corpus a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
bill of attainder a law that punishes a person of a crime without a trail or fair hearing in court
ex post facto law a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not agianst the law when it was continued
due process of law procedures established by law and garunteed in the constitution
search warrant a court allowing law enforcement officers to search a suspects home or business and take specific items or evidence
double jeopardy putting somone on trail for a crime which he or she was previously acquitted for
grand jury a group of citizens that decide whetjer there is sufficient evidence to accuse somone of a crime
plea bargaining negotiation between the defence attorney and the prosecutor
bail a sum of money used as as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trail
Created by: maxfuentes