Normal Size Small Size show me how
Latin America part 2
Cause and Effect: History, Culture, Government and Economics
|The last emperor of the Aztec Empire. He thought Cortes was a "god of wisdom." This trust led to Montezuma's downfall.
|The last emperor of the Inca Empire. He was executed by Pizarro and his men.
|Located in Mexico, the civilization existed from 1300s-1500s. The capital was Tenochtitlan. The government was oligarchy and economy was command. Aztec were polytheistic and practiced human sacrifice. Achievements: education, red, chocolate and popcorn.
|Located by Andes Mountains, the civilization existed from 1200s-1500s. Capital was Cusco, Peru. The government was Autocracy and economy was command. Emperor descendent of sun god. Incas were polytheistic. Achievements: medicine and complex road system.
|Conquistador who conquered Aztec Empire in 1521.
|Conquistador who conquered Inca Empire in 1553.
|Led the first successful rebellion of enslaved people and liberated Haiti.
|The "George Washington" of Latin America. He helped liberate Venezuela, Bolivia, and Peru.
|The priest who rang the bell for Mexican Independence on September 16th, 1810. Spanish Inquisition executed him in 1811.
|Staged a coup d'etat in Cuba in 1959. Was dictator of Cuba from 1959-2006 (for a long time).
|The belief in more than one god.
|From Spain, an explorer of the New World who wants to conquer land.
|The voyage of enslaved people from Africa to Americas. Very terrible conditions.
|The exchange of peoples, diseases, resources, and animals between the Old World (Europe) and New World (Americas).
|Spanish Mission System
|Priests lived in churches, former encomenderos lived in haciendas, and Native Americans lived in pueblos. In this system, Native Americans worked for no pay in difficult conditions and were converted to Catholicism.
|In 1994, guerrilla fighters who were working for better conditions for the Indiginas people of Chiapas, Mexico.
|The overthrow of the government
|A country with a strong national government that shares power with smaller state governments.
|A government made up of individually governed states. The national government has little power.
|A country where a single national government has all the power.
|The power is concentrated in the hands of one leader.
|People elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf.
|No government interference or regulations in the economy. Private business.
|The government controls ALL aspects of the economy.
|A combination of mixed and command economy. There are some government regulations and also private business and free trade.
|A type of economy when all property and resources are distributed equally to all people. Usually accompanied by a dictatorship type government. No private businesses.
|A material that brings wealth to a country that can be found naturally (ex: water, timber, oil)
|Natural resources that can be replaced by nature (ex: trees, water)
|Natural resources that cannot be replaced by nature (ex: oil, coal)
|The value of people's education, experience, and work
|Any goods or equipment used by a business to produce other goods.
|A person who takes risk and possible reward of organizing and operating a new business.
|Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
|A way to measure a country's economy. The total value (worth) of the goods and services produced by the residents of a country during a year.
|When the total value of a country's imports are higher than the total value of its exports
|When the total value of a country's exports are higher than the total value of its imports.
|North American Free Trade Agreement- An arrangement signed in 1993 that allows free trade among the U.S, Canada and Mexico
|A ban on trade with a country for political reasons
|A tax on imports or goods coming into a country.
|Limit on the number of goods that can be imported from a certain country.
|Determined by factors someone is born into- ethnicity, geography, language, and culture.
|When people move from one place to another, they bring their language and traditions with them.
|People of mixed African and European ancestry in Latin America.