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Constitution SG

the structure of the Constitution

QuestionAnswer
What is the structure of the Constitution? It has a Preamble, and 7 Articles
Article 1 Legislative Branch
Article 2 Executive Branch
Article 3 Judicial Branch
Article 4 States Rights
Article 5 Amendment Process
Article 6 Supreme Law-recognizes the Constitution and federal laws as supreme when there is a conflict with state laws
Article 7 Ratification process
What is Congress? law-making group, made of the House of Representatives and the Senate
Legislative Branch makes the laws
Executive Branch enforces the laws
Judicial Branch determines if the laws are unconstitutional
What are the requirements to be a representative in the House? 25 years old; serve for 2 years at a time; must be a citizen for 7 years
What are the requirements to be a senator in the Senate? must be 30 years old; serve for 6 years at a time; must be a citizen for 9 years
How does a bill become a law? All bills must pass both houses of Congress; Bills are then sent to the President to sign; He can sign or veto it. If he vetoes, it is sent back to Congress; Congress can then pass it by a 2/3 majority to override the President's veto
Powers of Congress collect taxes; make [coin] money; regulate trade; declare war; make all laws needed to run the government
What is the Executive Branch? contains the President and his cabinet
What are the requirements to becoming a president? Must be 35 years old; must be born in the USA; serves for 4 years; can be elected for no more than 2 terms
Powers of the President enforces the laws; commander in chief of armed forces; makes treaties with other nations
What is the Judicial Branch? Supreme Court and lower courts; determines if laws are constitutional
What are the requirements to becoming a Supreme Court Justice? appointed by the President, but must be approved by the Senate; serves for life
How can the Constitution be changed? There are 2 paths to amend the Constitution
1st way to amend the Constitution: 2/3 of the vote of both houses of Congress; 3/4 of the states to ratify
2nd way to amend the Constitution: Constitutional Convention of 2/3 of states; 3/4 states to ratify
What is impeachment? the process of removing a high official in the government from office
What is the impeachment process? House of Representatives files a charge of misconduct; Senate tries the case- 2/3 of the Senators must vote for conviction.
What can a president be impeached for? treason, bribery, and high crimes and misdemeanors [like lying and obstruction of justice]
What is the Bill of Rights? 10 amendments, added after the Constitution was signed, that guaranteed freedoms and rights for citizens
Amendment 1 freedom of religion; freedom of the press; freedom to peaceful assembly; freedom to address the government; freedom of speech
Amendment 2 protects the right to own guns
Amendment 3 army can't force homeowners to let soldiers live in their houses
Amendment 4 protects against unreasonable searches and seizures; must have warrants based on probable cause
Amendment 5 can't be held for a crime without due process; can't be charged with the same crime twice; people don't have to testify against themselves
Amendment 6 trial by jury; guarantees a speedy trial; accused can confront witnesses; must be allowed to have a lawyer
Amendment 7 jury trial in federal civil court cases
Amendment 8 no cruel and unusual punishment; no extraordinarily large fines will be given
Amendment 9 sayd that no other rights may exist besides those listed in amendments 1-8, and that even though they are not written, they still exist
Amendment 10 any power not granted to the federal government belongs to the states
Amendment 13 abolishes slavery [after the Civil War]
Amendment 14 guarantees rights to all citizens [after the Civil War]
Amendment 15 Race can't stop people from voting [after the Civil War]
Amendment 18 outlawed alcohol
Amendment 19 Gave women the right to vote
Amendment 21 repealed the 18th amendment- alcohol is once again legal
Amendment 26 Gave 18 year olds the right to vote
Created by: fcclaer12