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PNW History

PNW History - Washington's geography

Location of a place is like an address.
Washington's location 46th - 49th parallels north latitude. 117º - 125º west longitude.
Some of Washington's boundaries are natural features of the land. Others were decided by people.
North of Washington is British Columbia, a Canadian province.
Pacific Ocean forms western boundary.
Idaho forms eastern boundary.
Oregon forms southern boundary.
Hinterland describes a region that is far from other settled areas
Washington's remote location resulted in hinterland status.
Hinterland regions are usually last to be explored.
Hinterland regions usually export raw materials and import many manufactured goods.
Washington's coastline 157 miles long
3000 miles of shoreline Strait of Juan de Fuca, bays & inlets of Puget Sound, and around islands
What links Washington to the rest of the world? Shipping goods in and out of the deep ocean waters.
Source of state's commercial fishing industry. Pacific Ocean and Puget Sound.
Commercial having to do with selling
What fish brings in the most money? One-third income from salmon followed by oysters, crabs, and shrimp
What gives Washington it's temperate climate? Westerly winds from the Pacific.
Why do the winds cause a temperate climate in Washingon? The temperature of large bodies of water does not change as quickly as the temperature of the air. The warmer water of the ocean warms up the air next to it and the winds pick up that air and carry it across the land.
Temperate Not extremely hot or cold
Arid Very dry
What are regions? Places that share common features.
What type of regions are there? Land, political, and commercial
The trading region that includes all of the countries that border the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Rim
The Pacific Northwest is a region of states that share similar landforms and early pioneer history.
What divides the region from the rest of the U.S.? The Rocky Mountains
What are landforms? Features of the earth's surface.
Landforms are the result of powerful forces moving inside and outside the earth's surface.
Some forces result in volcanoes and earthquakes and even move oceans and continents.
Landforms are also the result of water and wind wearing away the earth's surface.
How many land regions and Washington be divided into? 5
Each region has at least one major type of landform but may contain more.
What are some major landforms? Mountains and hills, plateaus, lowlands, rivers, oceans, and lakes
What are basins surrounded by? Mountains or plateaus
What is a mountain? High rugged land
What is a plateau? High, wide, flat land that is many miles across
What is a basin (valley)? Lower land between mountains and plateaus
Cities and farms are in the basins.
What are the land regions of Washington? Coastal Range, Puget Sound Lowlands, Cascade Range, Columbia Plateau, Rocky Mountain
What region is Oympic National Park in? Coastal Range
Name some cities in the Puget Sound Lowlands. Seattle, Tacoma, Bellevue, Bremerton, Bellingham, Everett, Oympia, and Vancouver
The Skagit River Valley is on of the state's richest farming areas.
What is grown in the Skagit River Valley? Tulips, daffodils, peas, carrots, cauliflower, and broccoli
What is Washington's most prominent geographic feature? The Cascade Mountain range
What recognizes the very difficult interests of the large seaport and manufacturing cities in the west and the less populated agricultural regions in the east? Cascade Curtain
The land to the west of the mountains is rainy.
What trees grow in the damp climate west of the mountains? Hemlocks, firs, and cedar
East of the mountains get much less rain.
What trees flourish east of the mountains? Sparse ponderosa and pine forests
What is in the Columbia Plateau? Wheat growing area of the Palouse and the huge Columbia Basin Irrigation Project made possible by Grand Coulee Dam.
What is the metropolitan center of the Columbia Plateau? Spokane
What is the Rocky Mountain Region sometimes called? Okanogan Highlands
What are National Parks? Government protected places that are unique in some way.
How many National Parks does Washington have? 3
What are Washington's National Park's? Olympic National Park (created in 1938), Mt. Rainer National Park (created in 1899), and North Cascades National Park (created in 1963)
What are some of Washington's National Historic Parks? Klondike Gold Rush National Historic Park (1976), San Juan Island National Historic Park, and Whitman Mission National Historic Site
Mount Rainer was first NP in Washington and one of the first NP's in the U.S.
Created by: crescenti